Sociology Exam (limited questions)
I couldn't find some of the terms he mentioned on the study guide please let me know if y'all figure any out I missed.
Terms in this set (86)
This is the systematic application of scientific methods to assess the design, implementation, improvement or outcomes of a program.
___________________ is the study of the social world around us, the social causes, and consequences of human behavior.
What term refers to the norms, values, beliefs, behaviors and meanings given to symbols in a society?
A culture in which the groups have different folkways, mores, and norms that exists within but is not at odds with the mainstream culture is ___________________.
Who is considered to be the founder of sociology and is credited with coining the term?
A culture in which the values, norms, and beliefs are in conflict with the mainstream culture is _________________.
When medicine, technology or the government changes faster than or slower than another part of our society to which it is related, this can cause ethical and cultural dilemmas. This issue is called:
Whose writings reflected the conflict in society wherein the poor masses are exploited by the wealthy elite?
Which theoretical perspective claims that society is in a state of balance and kept that way through the function of society's component parts?
__________________are anything that meaningfully represents something else.
Charles H. Cooley's and George Herbert Mead's work gave tremendous support to the _______________ Theory, which originally focused on how we form our sense of the "I" and the "me", the looking-glass self and the self-concept.
If a sociologist goes and lives undercover for a long period of time with a subculture in order to study that subculture, what type of research is he doing?
Who was the first social scholar who helped sociology become part of higher education's academic culture?
Which sociologists proposed the theory of The Looking-Glass Self?
Which of the following is NOT one of the four primary agents of socialization?
A human's temperament development is part nature and part nurture.
Which of the following statements is true according to present-day sociologists?
We are born with a self-concept.
Which of the following is NOT a step to the Looking-Glass Self:
An adult who is torn between spending time at work and spending time with her family is experiencing:
This is an organizational model characterized by a hierarchy of authority, a clear division of labor, explicit rules and procedures, and impersonality in personnel matters:
What type of leader is most appropriate when a group needs harmony, solidarity, and high morale?
When does socialization end?
You have no control over it
Which of the following is NOT true of an achieved status?
The process by which we become human social beings.
The process of internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our social group.
The process of learning what we need to know in order to become functioning members of society.
Socialization can be defined by which of the following statements?
If a person comes into power, he or she has no true ______ until the people being ruled accept that leader as legitimate.
The idea that everything humans learn is impressed upon them by those who provide their primary and secondary socialization is an example of what?
Which form of authority is the most unstable and difficult to sustain due to the fickle attitude of the followers?
What holds groups together, according to sociologists?
A _______ _________ is a segment of society whose members hold similar amounts of resources and share values, norms, and an identifiable lifestyle.
Social mobility that takes place between generations is called:
Which of the following is not considered victimless crime?
Which of the following is not considered property crime?
Society began to see these types of acts as less serious
According to Durkheim's functionalist theory of deviance, the 9/11/2001 terrorist attacks served all of the following functions EXCEPT:
Which theories of deviance and criminality focus on issues of power and powerlessness?
Ageism is prejudice and/or discrimination based on age and, like all prejudices, is fueled in part by what?
Which is NOT one of the seven types of elder abuse?
A preconceived opinion or feeling about a group of people based on real or perceived ideas.
A ________ is a theoretical idea referring to a set of social and behavioral norms that dictate how men and women should act in a particular society.
As the Baby Boomer generation continues to grow older, America will experience what phenomenon?
______________ is the belief or attitude that one gender or sex is inferior to, less competent, or less valuable than the other.
The Women's Movement has attempted to raise awareness of all of the following issues in the United States except:
He was a co-founder of the NRA (National Rifle Association)
Which of the following is NOT TRUE of W.E.B. DuBois?
The treatment taken toward or against an individual of a certain group in consideration based solely on class or category.
Gender ___________ is the shaping of individual behavior and perceptions in such a way that the individual conforms to the socially prescribed expectations for males and females.
Socialization of Prejudice
The learning of prejudice from people you look up to.
The norms, values, and roles that are culturally associated with a particular chronological age is one's:
Individuals who may have no personal prejudice but still engage in discriminatory behavior because of peer group pressure or economic, political, or social interests.
Sally lives in a house with her mother, father, and two brothers. Her grandparents are no longer able to take care of themselves independently and move into the house. What type of family is this?
According to the ___________ Theory, social institutions exist because they perform five essential tasks: 1) replacing members, 2) teaching new members, 3) producing, distributing, and consuming goods and services, 4) preserving order, and 5) providing and maintaining a sense of purpose.
A _________________ is a set of organized beliefs and rules that establishes how a society will attempt to meet its basic social needs.
The State Governments
In the United States, who sets the standards that people have to meet in order to be considered legally married?
Gary and Sue grew up in similar neighborhoods in different cities. They both come from upper middle class families and met while at college at a state university. They both enjoy sports and music and have many friends with similar interests. This is an example of ____ in mate selection.
What is the term for the social institution under which two people establish their decision to live together as spouses by legal commitments or religious ceremony?
Mario's mother marries a man with 2 sons. They all move in with Mario, his mother, and his sister. What type of family is this?
In what form of social organization is the father the supreme authority in the family, tribe or clan, and descent is reckoned in the male line?
What term describes religious organizations which have grown to be large and are integrated with government and other social institutions?
Which is NOT one of the three major concerns that demographers have when studying population change?
triggered by some sort of perceived social injustice
Which of the following is NOT indicative of mobs?
In 1965, African-Americans who were tired of years of discrimination and police oppression began to cause mass violence throughout the city of Watts, California, including arson, looting, assault and vandalism. This is an example of what type of collective behavior?
The use of murder or mayhem to create a state of fear which can be used to gain political, religious, or ideological advantage is what type of social movement?
Any social group with leadership, organization, and an ideological commitment to promote or resist social change is called a what?
A movement that seeks to return the institutions and values of the past by doing away with existing ones.
children and elderly people
The Dependency Ratio is the number of ____________ in a population divided by the total adult population
Which of the following is NOT a dispersed collectivity?
The societal trend where the proportion of people living in cities increases while the proportion of people living in the countryside diminishes is called what?
Which would NOT be a concern for a demographer studying future population patterns?Which would NOT be a concern for a demographer studying future population patterns?
The majority of physical suffered by the elderly results from the anger and resentment that adult children feel when confronted with the need to care for their infirm parents.
A family established upon marriage is called a family of orientation.
The form of polygamy in which a woman marries more than one man is called polygyny.
Islam, Christianity, and Judaism are all monotheistic faiths that can be traced back to the same God through the story of Abraham.
Social Movements are usually designed to take some sort of social action that changes society.
The main difference in a panic and a mass hysteria is that a panic tends to be based on false beliefs, whereas mass hysteria is a reaction to a real threat.
Gesellschaft would be more common in a rural setting.
Migration is the act of going from one region, country, or place to another.
If a demographer wanted to graphically illustrate a dependency ratio, an excellent tool would be a population pyramid.
Collective Behaviors are unusual or non-routine behaviors that small numbers of people participate in.
founded in 30 AD in Israel
founded in 520 BC in India
founded in 622 AD in Saudi Arabia
indigenous religion of India
founded in 1300 BC as the religion of the Hebrews
This type of religion believes in no gods, but instead focuses on good or evil spirits which inhabit animals, rocks and/or people and animals.
Believes that humans must submit to the will of God to gain Paradise after death; practice the Five Pillars of Faith (Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting).
Believes that all have sinned and are thereby separated from God. Salvation is through faith in Christ; believe in eternal heaven or hell; practices include prayer, Bible study, baptism, Eucharist (Communion), church on Sundays, and numerous holidays.
Purpose is to gain enlightenment and avoid suffering through a process of rebirth; believes in reincarnation; practices include meditation and mantras.
Believes that they should obey God's commandments and live ethically. Focus is more on this life than the next; practices include circumcision at birth, bar/bat mitzvah at adulthood, synagogue services on Saturdays, and holidays related to historical events
Believes humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. The human purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth; practices include yoga, meditation, worship (puja), devotion to gods or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities, live according to one's dharma (purpose/ role)
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