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Military Board Questions (Army) - CBRN
Terms in this set (51)
What are the 5 levels of MOPP?
MOPP Level 0 — Protective mask carried. Suit, gloves, and boots accessible/available.
MOPP Level 1 — Suit worn. Mask, gloves and boots carried.
MOPP Level 2 — Suit and boots worn. Gloves and mask carried.
MOPP Level 3 — Suit, boots and mask worn. Gloves carried.
MOPP Level 4 — All protection worn.
What does JSLIST stand for?
Joint Service Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
When under an NBC attack, when do you give warning?
After you mask
What are the proper masking procedures?
Stop breathing and close your eyes, don protective mask, clear mask, check the seal of the mask, sound the alarm to alert others, and continue the mission
What does C.B.R.N. stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear
NBC hazards are classified into two types, what are they?
1.Immediate hazards- produce casualties immediately after attack
2.Residual hazards- Delayed effects
Alarms and signals convey warnings of NBC contamination. Units use easily recognizable and reliable alarm methods to respond quickly and correctly to NBC hazards. What are three types of alarms and signals?
What Field Manual covers NBC Protection?
What forms do Chemical Agents come in?
Soldiers in MOPP 4 may lose how much water per hour through perspiration?
1 quart or more
When fitting the protective mask, in what sequence should the straps be tightened?
What are the three types of procedures for MOPP gear exchange?
What are three fundamentals of NBC defense?
How long should you apply pressure when using the Auto injector?
The protective mask will not protect against what two types of gases?
Ammonia vapors or carbon monoxide
When giving Buddy Aid, whose auto injectors would you use?
The other person (the person's auto injectors that is receiving the medication)
When giving Buddy Aid, how long should you wait if still experiencing the symptoms of Nerve agent, to administer a second nerve agent antidote (MK1)?
Immediately give the second and third
Once a unit has masked, who can make the decision to unmask?
The unit commander
What is the shape of the contamination markers?
What type of attack does an M22 ACADA alarm warn you of?
Chemical (ACADA = Automatic Chemical Agent Detection Alarm)
What are the three levels of Decontamination?
What are the dimensions of an NBC marker?
11 1/2 inches on the top by 8 inches on either side
What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1.Unexplained runny nose
4.Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)
5.Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing
6.Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin
9.Tachycardia followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat wth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute)
What are the 11 severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1.Strange or confused behavior.
2.Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.
3.Severely pinpointed pupils.
4.Red eyes with tearing.
6.Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.
7.Involuntary urination and defecation.
When crossing a contaminated area, what 2 things should you avoid doing?
Stirring up dust and touching anything
Of these 3, Nerve, Blood, and Blister agents, which causes the most casualties?
How should an area that is suspected of contamination be crossed?
Quickly, avoiding depressions and vegetation
What are the 3 effects of a nuclear explosion?
What is the color of a Nuclear (radiological) contamination marker?
White background with ATOM in black letters
What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Nuclear assets?
Last Resort, will use first only if necessary
What are Flash Burns?
Direct burns produced by the flash of thermal radiation from the fireball
What causes the most casualties in a nuclear attack?
The initial blast and the heat of detonation
What is the difference between Dose Rate and Total Dose?
Dose Rate is the amount of radiation per hour; Total Dose is the actual accumulation
Who has the authority to order the use of nuclear weapons?
Only the President of the U.S.
What are the 3 types of nuclear bursts?
What does an AN VDR-2 detect and measure?
The AN VDR-2 detects and measures nuclear radiation from fallout and radioisotopes.
An NBC-1 report is used to determine what?
The initial detection of NBC weapons usage by the enemy
For maximum radiation effect, which nuclear burst would you use?
What is the best way to protect against Biological agents?
What is a vector?
An insect used to disseminate biological agents (fleas, ticks, lice, mosquitoes....)
What is meant by Biological Warfare?
The intentional use by an enemy, of germs or toxins, to cause death and disease among personnel, animals, plants, or more rarely, to deteriorate material
What is the color of a Biological contamination marker?
Blue background with BIO in red letters
What are the 4 types of microorganisms found in Biological agents?
What is the best decontamination for Biological agents?
Warm soapy water
Where would a biological attack be most effective?
Cities, large troop concentrations, animals and vegetable crops
How may Chemical Agents be deployed?
•Individuals (pollution of water, food and supplies)
What are the most effective times to use chemical agents?
Evening and early morning (The lack of wind and sun allows the agents to persist)
Chemical agents are classified by the U.S. into 3 categories, name them
What is the color of the Chemical contamination marker?
Yellow with GAS in Red letters
What are the 4 types of Chemical agents?
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