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Psych Exam 5
Terms in this set (30)
________ holds that our behavior is determined by internal factors.
Following an outcome, we tend to make attributions that enable us to see ourselves in favorable light. This is known as what type of bias
When we see others engage in behavior, we tend to overemphasize internal characteristics in explaining why they behaved in the way they did. In contrast, when we engage in behavior, we emphasize situational characteristics to explain why we behaved how we did. This is known as what?
Fundamental attribution error
A belief that characterizes people based merely on group membership is __________.
People who have a high social dominance orientation (SDO) are likely to agree with which of the following statements?
Hierarchies are natural, some groups are simply better than others
What type of tool is used to measure automatic preferences such as one's attitude toward different groups?
Implicit Association Test (IAT)
Which of the following is the best definition of conformity?
changing one's attitude or behavior to match a perceived social norm
Which of the following is true of Milgram's (1963, 1965, 1974) research on obedience to authority?
With each increment of shock voltage, fewer participants obeyed, but about 65% still administered 450 volts (the highest level).
Which of the following is not a part of the proposed "triad of trustworthiness?"
__________ is the process by which a message induces change in beliefs, attitudes, or behaviors.
Which of the following descriptions best characterizes the full definition of psychological disorder by the American Psychiatric Association?
Unusual behavior, thoughts, or feelings that are unexpected and cause significant distress or disability.
Which classification system is used by most mental health professionals in the United States of America?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
The ________ model suggests that people with a predisposition for a disorder are more likely to develop the disorder when faced with adverse environmental or psychological events.
Celine has been having difficulty sleeping, cannot seem to concentrate at work, is sad most of the time, and seems to have lost interest in things that she always used to enjoy. Which disorder is Celine most likely suffering from?
major depressive disorder
Which of the following is NOT a form of biological treatment for a person suffering from depression?
functional magnetic resonance imaging
Kyle is so preoccupied with avoiding germs that he washes his hands as many as 20 times an hour. Kyle most likely suffers from:
___________is characterized by constant worry over minor and catastrophic events. Other complaints, such as muscle tension, fatigue, and irritability are also common.
Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and catatonia are symptoms of which category of disorders?
schizophrenia spectrum disorder
Drugs blocking which of the following neurotransmitters have been shown to be an effective treatment of psychotic disorders, like schizophrenia?
What does it mean to say that most personality disorders are "ego-syntonic"?
Most people with personality disorders are largely comfortable with themselves and their characteristic manner of thinking, behaving, and feeling.
The primary mechanism by which psychoanalytic therapies are thought to work is by
bringing unconscious struggles into conscious awareness to relieve stress
Which of the following was the earliest organized therapeutic orientation?
Jenny seeks the help of a counselor, Amanda. Amanda begins by being very warm. She does not direct Jenny with regards to what she should talk about. Instead, Amanda primarily focuses on empathizing with Jenny and accepting her for who she is. Which therapeutic orientation is Amanda most likely using?
client centered therapy
The figure most associated with the person centered therapy movement is
Which of the following techniques are associated with CBT?
challenging automatic thoughts
Which of the following is the best definition of mindfulness, as it relates to therapy?
being mentally attentive but also non-judgmental
Agonists generally _______ activity at the synapse while antagonists generally ______ activity at the synapse.
Psychopharmacology can best be defined as:
the study of how drugs affect the brain and behavior
Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft are examples of ________.
Antipsychotic drugs, such as Haldol, are used to treat all of the following except________
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