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Two important mountain ranges

Hindu Kush Himalayas

3 major geographic zones

Gangetic plain, Deccan Plateau, coastal plains

3 major rivers

Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra


October=winter (brings hot dry air)
June summer brings moisture and downpours

consequences of monsoons

October-Droughts and crop destruction
June floods destroy crops and ruin agriculture

Mohenjo Daro and Harrappa

Both were 3 miles in circumference. Mohenjo daro was made of baked mud bricks and well organized. Harrappa was less organized and made of unbaked bricks.

Possible reasons for civilizations decline

Invasion, deforestation, a massive flood, or an earthquake


People who migrated to India from southern russia


The sacred word of the Aryans that eventually became text. Details there history and religious pracitces

Caste System

Rigid social system in India. Brahmin (priests) at the top, Kshatryia (warriors), Viasya (Merchants), Sudra(commoners) then Untouchables

Chief Aryan god

Indra, the god of war


Aryan Epic detailing a great battle between brothers against their cousins.


Shows Indian beliefs of immortality, the soul, and religious duty


Story of Rama, who's wife sita is kidnapped by a demon. Story stresses the ideal Husband and Wife.


The one god, everything is a manifestation of Brahman

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