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Pendergast practice #2
Terms in this set (100)
Which of the following external factors can delay wound healing?
All of the above
Common symptoms of diabetes in both dogs and cats include:
Of the inhalant anesthetics, which is the only one thought to have analgesic properties?
Which of the following conditions results from uneven development of film?
Uneven chemical levels
Which statement concerning passive immunity is least accurate?
It develops after exposure to a pathogen
How many ribs does the horse have?
The trade name for diphenhydramine is:
Kidney disease leads to the accumulation of metabolic waste in the blood, a condition known as:
Because pediatric patients have less functional contractile tissue, limited cardiac reserve, low ventricular compliance, and a reduced ability to increase stroke volume, they are highly dependent on heart rate to maintain which of the following?
Cardiac output and blood pressure
Where is the most likely place for a rumenotomy incision in a dairy cow?
Left paralumbar fossa
Enamel hypoplasia is also referred to as:
The principal display panel (PDP) is required to contain all of the following except:
Which time frame is the most critical for limiting radiation exposure to an unborn fetus of an employee?
Between 2 and 10 weeks gestation
A dog consumes five bowls of water in a 24-hr period. Each bowl contained exactly 100 mL. If you collect 475 mL of urine over the same 24-hr period, approximately how many mL constitute insensible loss
5 bowls x 100 mL= 500 mL
500 mL - 475 mL = 25 mL
Activated charcoal devices absorb all inhalation agents except:
Which potent chemical is used for "cold sterilization" of hard instruments?
The amount of radioisotope used for each examination in a nuclear medicine study is measured in which of the following units?
Radioisotopes used for each examination in a nuclear medicine study are measured in millicurie (mCi) units. X-rays are measured in units of kV and mA. Ultrasound is measured in MHz.
You are asked to infuse intravenously 3 L of 0.9% saline during 24 hr. The administration set is calibrated at 15 drops/mL. How fast should you set the drip rate?
3 L= 3000 mL ÷ 24 hr = 125 mL/hr
125 mL/hr ÷ 1 hr/60 min x 15 drops/mL = 31 drops/min
An example of a semisolid dosage form is:
The purpose of any pain scale is to:
Help guide analgesic, medical, or surgical treatment
The caudal end of the sternum is referred to as the:
What is the most useful way to report WBC differential results?
As absolute numbers
The WBC differential should be interpreted based on absolute numbers of each cell type. Absolute numbers are based on the total WBC count; percentages are based on 100 cells counted on the differential. Relative numbers and decimal numbers do not pertain to WBC differential results.
What size of power outlet is required to run a digital dental unit?
An intestinal fluke is of the:
To obtain a dorsoventral view of the abdomen of a rabbit, where should the center of the beam be focused.
Center over the liver
When autoclaving, the minimum temperature and exposure times for the center of the surgical packs are:
250° F for 15 minutes
Which of the following is an example of incorporeal property?
Which of the following is commonly seen in rabbits, in which the intestinal flora is disrupted?
Which of the following statements is the correct definition of rapport?
Mutual trust or emotional relationship that exists among team members
You have been tasked to anesthetize a 1000-kg bull and maintain anesthesia by using an inhalant technique. Which is the correct statement regarding intubation of this patient?
You will have to manually intubate the bull
What is the main determinant of the treatment of a hyperthermic patient?
Cause of hyperthermia
To evaluate urine for crystalluria:
Urinalysis should be performed within 30 minutes of sample collection
What type of anemia is associated with icterus?
A group of turkeys is referred to as which of the following?
The stretch (or load) placed on the myocardial fibers right before the heart contracts is known as:
A patient has increased muscular tone in the thoracic limbs and flaccid paralysis in the pelvic limbs when lying on his side. He is able to ambulate when placed on his feet and has a normal mentation. What posture do these clinical signs indicate?
What are the two preferred methods of collecting a urine sample for culture?
Cytocentesis and catheterization
What will happen if postoperative pain is not alleviated in rabbits?
They will not eat or drink normally
Which of the following antiseptics are considered choice oral rinses for horses?
Which of the following conditions can cause prerenal uremia?
Congestive heart failure
All of the above
All of the above
When obtaining a view of the tympanic bullae of small animals, where should the centering of the image occur?
Above the base of the tongue and just below the palate, approximately at the commissure of the mouth
Which of the following are considered adjuncts for pain management?
All of the above
All of the above
A hospitalized patient is receiving intravenous fluids with a potassium supplementation; however, the potassium blood value continues to drop. What other blood value should be discussed with the veterinarian?
Which condition causes a decrease in the requirements for general anesthesia?
In which stage of the tick life cycle does it have six legs?
The larval stage has six legs. All of the other stages have eight legs.
When a dog is presented for castration, and both testicles are descended, the veterinary technician will prepare the surgical site. In which area is the incision most commonly made?
The two main minerals that make up bone are:
calcium and phosphorus
Which of the following drugs is not considered an alpha-2 agonist?
To decrease magnification of an x-ray, which of the following would help?
Patients are positioned as close to the x-ray cassette as possible
Crushing of a stone is referred to as which of the following terms?
Which of the following opioids is an NMDA antagonist?
Maropitant is the active ingredient in:
All of the following would be considered a core vaccine, except:
The best urine collection method to assess the patency of the urethra is
Total protein levels are _______ in a dehydrated animal.
To obtain a radiograph of the CdCr projection of the scapula of a small animal, which of the following is the correct position for the patient?
In what class of antibiotic drugs are nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity potential side effects?
An anesthetic patient has metabolic acidosis and a blood pH of 7.122. Which of the following drugs can be administered to help increase pH?
In geriatric patients, drug doses are generally:
What is the correct temperature for an automatic processor tank that is used to develop x-ray film?
Which of the following is not completely removed in an ovariohysterectomy?
Non-renal causes of increased levels of urea might include
The amount of protein ingested
Signs of immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP) include all of the following conditions, except
Which of the following is least likely to cause vaccine failure?
Administration during anesthesia
How many milliliters are in a teaspoon?
What is the initial cause of blepharospasm?
Irritation to the eye
External parasites are responsible for many skin problems seen in small-animal medicine. All of the following may be treated with shampoos and dips, except:
Which of the following is not a part of a standard set of personal protective gear in an isolation ward?
Filtered respirator mask
Because of the manner in which they are excreted, sulfonamides are often effective against infections of:
The term for a tooth that has one root but two crowns is:
Atropine is often given as a preanesthetic agent. It is classified as an anticholinergic drug. That means that it will likely have the following effects on an animal receiving the drug:
Increased heart rate, decreased salivation, and decreased GI motility
Which of these would not be associated with ketones in the urine?
A common finding on a stained blood smear from an animal with autoimmune hemolytic anemia is:
Hemolytic anemia is characterized by the destruction of:
When does a sutured surgical wound begin to gain significant strength from the production of collagen strands so that the wound edges are held together not only by the sutures?
In 5 days
A metabolic disorder in which there is a severe decline in the serum calcium, usually occurring within 48 hours of calving, is known as:
What is a cause of Flea Allergy Dermatitis?
After the medical resolution of colic, horses should be fed:
Frequent, small meals
In the average horse, how many liters of ingesta can the colon hold?
Where should pressure be applied to minimize hemorrhage to the head of a canine trauma patient?
To the area adjacent and ventral to the mandible
The process by which white blood cells leave the blood vessel and enter tissue by squeezing through the tiny spaces between the cells' lining is defined as:
Which teeth on each side of the dog's mouth have three roots?
Maxillary: fourth premolars and first and second molars
What arrhythmias can be seen after administration of an alpha-2 agonist?
First- and second-degree AV block
The correct dental formula for an adult dog is:
2(l 3/3 C 1/1 P 4/4 M 2/3) = 42
A diaphragmatic hernia:
Should be suspected if the animal is dyspneic following a traumatic experience
Which of the following are not observed when a patient is in DIC?
Myasthenia gravis is commonly associated with:
Which of the following drugs is used to help prevent laryngospasm in the ferret before endotracheal intubation?
Patients given alpha-2 agonists often have pale mucous membranes and cold extremities in the initial phase because of what side effect of the drug?
If the mA or exposure time is doubled, what happens to the film density?
The film density will be doubled if the mA or exposure time is doubled
How long does an instrument that is sterilized and wrapped in paper remain sterile?
When using Diff-Quik to stain bone marrow smears, it is especially important to
Dip the smear twice as long as blood smears
Which of the following is an example of a buffer?
While monitoring a patient under anesthesia, you notice its blood pressure begins to drop. After notifying the veterinarian, what steps do you initially take to correct the situation?
Increase fluid rate and decrease anesthetic
Preparing a patient's skin for surgery:
Reduces the bacterial flora to a level that can be controlled by the patient's immune system
Which of the following drugs should likely be avoided in patients requiring ocular surgery because it causes an increase in intraocular pressure?
A stock solution was diluted 1:5, then 1:3, then 1:2, and finally 1:6 to produce a final concentration of 0.4 mg/mL. The original concentration of the stock solution was:
(1:5) x (1:3) x (1:2) x (1:6) = 1:180
Total dilution factor (DF) = 180
Original concentration = Final concentration x DF
0.4 mg/mL (final concentration x 180 [DF]) = 72 mg/mL
When grading furcation involvement, which of the following descriptions is termed Grade 3?
The probe can be passed through the furcation from buccal to palatal/lingual
Which of the following bones is also referred to as the cannon bone of the horse?
A correction for nucleated red blood cells (nRBC) is done to avoid a falsely:
Elevated WBC count
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