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sociology chapter 8
Terms in this set (18)
Inner and outer controls that work against our tendencies to deviate is known as what theory?
When citizens take the law into their own hands it is known as __________.
In The Scarlet Letter, why was Hester Prynne required to wear a scarlet "A" on her dress?
Sociologically, this served as a negative sanction and an example of shaming.
Ritualistic procedures intended to humiliate norm violators and mark them as being moral outcasts of the group to which they once belonged are called ________.
How did psychiatrist Thomas Szasz describe mental illness?
He said mental illness was neither mental nor an illness.
Differential association theory was developed by sociologist ________.
According to Cloward and Ohlin, what is the underlying cause of deviance and delinquency in unstable slums of a city?
illegitimate opportunity structures
Suicide bombers in Iraq are accorded high praise by those who oppose an American presence in the Middle East and are considered heroic warriors. Such honor and praise is an example of a ________.
All of the following acts qualify as a white collar crime EXCEPT for which one?
a bank teller robbing the First National bank
Napoleon Chagnon's visit to the Yanomamö tribe, where he observed tribe members appearing naked in public, using hallucinogenic drugs, and letting mucus hang from their noses, is a good example of ________.
the cultural relativity of deviance
The term degradation ceremony was coined by sociologist ________.
Susie is a first-year college student. Although she wants to be popular, she has refused invitations to attend underage drinking parties. Susie has a strong respect for authority, even when it conflicts with a simple matter such as attending a college party. Susie's decision in this situation demonstrates a quality of control theory called ________.
Which of the following theories of deviance is LEAST associated with sociobiology?
social learning theory: we learn deviance from our peers
The percentage of former prisoners who are rearrested is known as ___________.
Matthew and Ryan are devout Christian Fundamentalists and believe that homosexuality is against God's will and that homosexuals deserve to be punished. They spend a couple evenings each week in gay bashing activities that include physical violence and verbal assaults. Based on their rationalization, which technique of neutralization is most applicable for Matthew and Ryan to maintain positive self-images?
denial of a victim
The sociologist responsible for developing one of the first control theories that addressed the inner controls of the individual and outer controls of society was ________.
Which type of sociologists would consider deviance to be a natural part of society?
All of the following theories follow the principles of symbolic interactionism EXCEPT for which one?
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