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Politics of the United States
AP Government Chapter 3
Terms in this set (26)
the transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal government to the states
Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by Washington
supreme or ultimate political authority
sovereignty is in the hands of the national government
government in which the states are sovereign and the national government is allowed to do only that which the states permit
government in which sovereignty is shared between state and national governments
government in which local units of government have a specially protected existence and can make some final decisions over some governmental activities.
a type of government that links different groups together and derives its power directly from the people
McCulloch v. Maryland
established that Congress may establish a bank because it was "necessary and proper" and that the federal bank could not be taxed by the state
president who believed the national government was the superior and leading force in political affairs and that its powers ought to be broadly defined and liberally construed
president who argued for states rights as opposed to national supremacy
necessary and proper clause
constitutional authorization for Congress to make any law required to carry out its powers
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state's opinion, violates the Constitution.
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
commerce between two or more states which can be regulated by the federal government
commerce occurring within one state which cannot be regulated by the federal government
state power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals
Procedure whereby a certain number of voters may, by petition, propose a law or constitutional amendment and have it submitted to the voters
The practice of letting voters accept or reject measures proposed by the legislature
gives citizens a chance to remove an elected official from office before the person's term ends
Money given by the national government to the states
areas of land given to settlers by the government in hopes of expanding growth in the west. They were used to fund colleges, wagon roads, canals, and railroads
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport
Federal sharing of a fixed percentage off its revenue with the states
conditions of aid
Terms set by the national government that states must meet if they are to receive certain funds
Terms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants
identify how many states were needed to ratify the constitution and what was the ninth state to ratify the constitution and make it the "supreme law of the land?"
Why are civil liberties considered a negative liberty?
Senatorial Courtesy is most closely associated with this Presidential power...
16. A growing area in sexual harassment and discrimination law is that involving sexual orientation and gender identity. How should a teacher respond to a student who reports harassment on this basis?
Recommended textbook explanations
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Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
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