BJU American Government Final Exam
Terms in this set (60)
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
An agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
Preamble to the Constitution
outlines several goals of government
section of the Constitution that gives Congress the power to propose amendments to the Constitution
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances; serves as the basis of denied powers
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
The constitutional amendment stating, "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."
A constitutional amendment giving full rights of citizenship to all people born or naturalized in the United States, except for American Indians.
Twenty Second Amendment
Limits the president to two terms in office
Changed the legal voting age from 21 to 18.
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and competing groups can check the asserted power by any one group; possibly the biggest challenge facing Christians in the public square
Tax paid to the state, federal, and local governments based on income earned over the past year; has provided a continuous source of money for the national government since 1913
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money; defines the limit of the national government's authority
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression
Federal grants that can be used only for specific purposes, or "categories," of state and local spending. They come with strings attached, such as nondiscrimination provisions.
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.
A legal process whereby a state surrenders a person charged with a crime to the state in which the crime is alleged to have been committed.
Goal of political parties
the branch of government that interprets laws
Revenue bills must start in the
House of Representatives
the official count of a population; taken every 10 years
most heavily represented state in the House of Representatives with 53 members
How many times has the House of Representatives chosen the president?
a tax on the production, sale, or consumption of goods produced within the US
a document that requires a witness to appear at a trial or other proceeding to provide testimony; Congress can compel a person to appear before it by issuing a legal order
Senate proceedings that scrutinize a president's appointees to policymaking positions
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
What is the minimum age required to be President?
steps to the presidency
candidates seek nomination in national convention; primary election takes place; general election takes place; electoral college casts votes
Which of his powers does the president exercise when he vetoes a bill passed by Congress?
minimum number of electoral votes needed to win the presidency
visited all 50 states during his 1960 campaign and wasted valuable time in states that only made meager contributions to his electoral tally
established the US as a police power in Latin America and sent the Great White Fleet around the world
The US Supreme Court intervened in the 2000 presidential election because of disputed voting results in this state
California and Texas
2 states with the most electoral votes
Federal agency responsible for executive protection and for investigation of counterfeiting and various forms of financial fraud; originally created to stop counterfeiting but became responsible for protecting the president; became part of the Department of Homeland Security in 2002
reform measure that established the principle of federal employment on the basis of open, competitive exams and created the Civil Service Commission; regulations for hiring federal employees
hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications; method used today to fill most government jobs
US Postal Service
a congressional act requiring federal agencies to hold well-announced public hearings and allowing citizens access to agency officials and a stronger voice in bureaucratic proceedings
World War II
During which war did the government begin relying heavily on income taxes on individuals and corporations to fund its activities?
Secretary of State
permanent US representative to the United Nations
handles relations with other nations; issues passports, visas, and travel warnings to US citizens
Department of Health and Human Services
Works for the well-being and health of all Americans; has the largest budget among the cabinet departments
Department of Homeland Security
US federal agency created in 2002 to coordinate national efforts against terrorism, prevent terrorist attacks within the US, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize damage from and speed recovery following attacks
During the Cold War, the US worked vigorously to prevent the spread of communism
Somalia and the Balkans
Where did the United States perform peacekeeping missions during the 1990's?
offices other than embassies where diplomatic officials facilitate commerce, travel, and cultural exchanges; established overseas by the US to promote commercial contacts
responsible for ratifying or rejecting treaties with foreign countries
1800s - A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in Latin America or the Western Hemisphere.
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Supreme Court Justices
9 justices, lifetime appointment, nominated by the president,approved by the Senate
rights that extend to everyone that government is obligated to protect
government's goals and actions made in response to public issues; ex: war, diplomacy, trade relations
a nation's management of its internal affairs
label assigned to attitudes or policies that favor government intervention and expansion
five main powers, functions, and roles of the president
chief executive, commander in chief, diplomatic leader, legislative leader, chief of state, party leader
A list of rights that police in the United States must read to suspects in custody before questioning them, pursuant to the Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona; right to remain silent, anything the person says can be used in court, right to an attorney, right to end police questioning
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