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40 terms

German and Italian Unification

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Bismark
Prussia's Minister
War with Denmark
Bismark's first victory in International Affairs
Schleswig and Holstein
Duchies for which Bismark started the War with Denmark
Gastein
Austria gets holstein, Prussia gets Schleswig and purchases Lauenburg for 1 million
Count Helmuth von Moltke
Prussian commander in the War against Austria
Seven Weeks War
Prussia invades Saxony, Hanover and Hesse-Cassel who had sided with Austria about Holstein and Schleswig
Prague
where the peace treaty mediated by Napoleon III between Austria and Prussia was signed
Northern German Confederation
formed after the Peace at Prague, Prussia gains several northern German states
Main, Bavaria, Wurttenberg, Baden and Hesse
four states originally not part of Northern German Confederation
Austro-Hungarian Empire
this formed after Austria was defeated by Prussia and hoped to strengthen the multi-national empire
Leopold von Hohenzollern Sigmaringen
guy bismark tries to put on the Spanish throne, relative of William I
Benedetti
French ambassador who visits William to promise Leopold won't make a bid again
Franco-Prussian War
war that finalized the unification of Germany
Paris
city that would not surrender and was bombarded by German forces
January 18, 1871
date of the Unification of Germany
William I
king of Prussia
needlegun
new device of Prussia that helped them defeat the austrians
Reichstag
Legislative branch of the new government of the North German Confederation that looks liberal with a chancellor and president but is actually a militaristic monarchy
EMS telegram
the telegram that Bismark tweaks to go to war with Austria
Alsance and Lorraine
Territories that Germany gains after Franco-Prussian War
Second Reich
kingdom of germany is called
A syllabus of Error
pius IX issues this that denounces modern ideas
Catholic Center Party
political party in Germany that perpetuates the pope's ideas
Rerum Vovarum
means "of modern things" issued by Leo XIII after Bismark is gone, says socialism is essentially catholic
Kulturekampf
culture war in Germany when he suppresses Catholic influence through kicking out jesuits and banning worship and education from catholics
German Social Democratic Party
Bismark cracks down on this group that was a political party for moderate socialist ideas
Extensive social legislation
Concession by Bismark
Garibaldi
Romantic person based ideas off of Mazzini, wants a republican italy
Cavour
Prime minister of Piedmont Sardinia, believes in a Constitutional Monarchy
Victor Emmanuel II
King of Piedmont-Sardinia
Austria
the country Cavour realizes italy is currently too weak to defeat
crimean war
Cavour supports the winning side in this war to increase Sardinia's voice
Savoy and Nice
What Piedmont-Sardinia promises to cede to Napoleonic France in order to gain their support when driving out Austrians
The thousand
the name of Garibaldi's army
Rome
where Garibaldi and Cavour intersect
Venetia
what Italy recieves after Seven Weeks War
Rome
what Italy recieves after Franco-Prussian War
Law of Papal Guarantees
made by Italians to limit the pope's status
Italia Irredentia
the unredeemed territories of Italy, creates tensions between Cavour and Nationalists
Ausgleich
what the event is called when Austria becomes a dual monarchy