HISTORY: Victorian and Arts and Crafts
Terms in this set (21)
This style includes: Gothic Revival, Italianate, Stick, Eastlake, Queen Anne, Romanesque and Second Empire. Characterized by rapid changes of style, ostentatious ornament.
A movement aimed at reviving the spirit of Gothic Architecture originating in the late 18th century, flourishing in the 19th century in France, Germany, England and US.
Mainspring of the archaeologically-correct Gothic Revival, True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841). Codified Gothic architecture. Work: Victorian Tower, House of Parliament
Eugene Viollet le duc
Genius lay in restoration. Believed in restoring buildings to a state of completion.
Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849): Christian style was the only proper and acceptable direction for art and design.
Building by AWN Pugin and Charles Barry
Designed by Joseph Paxton for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Made of iron and glass.
Designed by Henri Labrouste, used slender cast-iron columns over which nine vaulted skylit domes where suspended.
Designed by Gustav Eiffel, an iron latticed tower in Champ de Mars, Paris. For the 1889 International Exhibition.
Paris Opera House
Designed by Charles Garnier. One of the symbols of Imperial regime. Ceiling was painted by Chagall. Chandelier weighs over six tons.
ARTS AND CRAFTS
Began in England in 1860, as a reaction to the Victorian era of mass production and ostentation.
This American style appears to be the offshoot of English Arts and Crafts movement, the accompanying taste for handmade furniture, combined with primitive seventeenth and eighteenth century furniture made by Indian neophytes.
Design movement of the 19th century, emphasized the decorative use of materials, ornament and textures as an integral part of structure rather than applied ornament.
The Arts and Crafts movement was based on his ideology. The assumption that machine- made things would inevitably be tasteless and garish led to advocacy of a return to hand craft as the only possible route to reform.
Best known and most influential in the Arts and Crafts movement. Championed the cause of craftsmen
Designed the Red House according to the ideas of Morris.
Designed with botanical forms for the applie art. Made Japanese art and design.
English architect and furniture and textile designer. Voysey's early work was as a designer of wallpapers, fabrics and furnishings in a simple Arts and Crafts style, but he is renowned as the architect of a number of notable country houses. He was one of the first people to understand and appreciate the significance of industrial design. He has been considered one of the pioneers of Modern Architecture.
The backs of his chairs were either very high or very low. Believed that the structure determined the form of the furniture. Work: Glasgow School of Art
A proto-Art Nouveau designer. He emphasized contrasts of horizontals and verticals.
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