22 terms

Chapter 7 Vocabulary

electoral college
an indirect method of election
appointed people who vote for major candidates
executive order
rule or command that has the authority to make laws
declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment
order to delay a person's punishment until a higher court can hear the case
pardon toward a group of people
foreign policy
overall plan for dealing with other nations
national security
ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm
formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries
executive agreement
an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
an official representative of a country's government
trade sanction
efforts to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers
an agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation
a group of presidential advisors that includes heads of the 15 top-level executive departments
federal bureaucracy
agencies and employees of the executive branch
independent agencies
agencies that are not part of the cabinet but are part of the president
government corporations
like private businesses
political appointees
people whom the president has chosen because they have proven executive ability or were important supporters of the president's election campaign
civil service workers
have permanent employment
civil service system
practice of hiring government workers on the basis of open competitive examinations and merit
spoils system
government jobs went to people as a reward for their political support
merit system
government officials hire new workers from lists of people who have passed the tests or otherwise met civil service standards