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19 terms

"You May Ask Yourself" Chapter 4 Vocabulary

sociology
STUDY
PLAY
Self
the individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person
I
one's sense of agency, action or power
Me
the self as perceived as in object by the "I"; as the self as one imagines others perceive one
Other
some one or something outside of oneself
Generalized other
an internalized sense of the total expectations of others in a variety of settings- regardless of whether we've encountered those people or places before
Resocialization
the process by which one's sense of social values, beliefs, and norms are recognized, often deliberately through an intense social progress that may take place in a total institution.
Total institution
an institution in which one is totally immersed and that controls all the basics of day-to-day life; no barriers exist between the usual spheres of daily life and all activity occurs in the same place and under the same single authority
status
recognizable social position that an individual occupies
role
the duties and behaviors expected of some one who holds a particular status
role strain
the incompatibility among roles corresponding to a single status.
role conflict
tension caused by competing demands between two or more roles pertaining to different statuses
Status set
all the statuses one holds simultaneously
ascribed status
a status into which one is born; involuntary status
achieved status
a status into which one enters; voluntary status
master status
one status within a set that stands out or overrides all others
gender roles
sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one's status as male or female
symbolic interactionism
a micro-level theory in which shared meanings, orientations, and assumptions form the basic motivations behind people's actions
dramaturgical theory
the view (advanced by Erving Goffman) of social life as essentially a theatrical performance, in which we are all actors on metaphorical stages, with roles, scripts, costumes, and sets
ethnomethodology
literally "the methods of the people," this approach to studying hman interactions focuses on the ways in which we make sense of our world, convey this understanding to others, and produce a mutually shared social order