21 terms

History - Chapter 1

Native American Culture & Life
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adobe
A type of clay found in the Southwest region that was used to build the home of the native people.
adapt
To become adjusted to or modify for new conditions.
clan mother
The head female in a clan who was in charge of electing leaders.
climate
Seasonal pattern of weather conditions in an area over many years; does not change rapidly.
confederacy
A group that is united for a common purpose.
The Iroquois Confederacy
coup stick
A special weapon used by the Lakota to touch an enemy without killing them.
dry farming
A method of farming in dry areas, using crops with longer root systems to search out water deeper in the soil.
environment
All of the physical surroundings and conditions in a place.
family structure
The way a family is organized, their role, and how they function day to day.
government
The system by which a community is run.
grand council
The leaders in charge of keeping peace in the Iroquois Confederacy.
irrigation
A farming technique used in dry areas to bring water to crops through a series of canals.
kachina
A spirit who the Hopi believe brings rain, helps crops grow, and shows people how to live and behave.
modify
To change something, usually to make it better.
nomadic
Moving around, often to follow a food source.
potlatch
A special Tlingit feast at which guests, not hosts, receive gifts.
property ownership
The way in which things are owned, such as land.
pueblo
A Spanish word that means "village." Also, the name given to the type of home and people living in the Southwest region.
region
An area, usually of land, that has distinct features such as its climate and geography.
surplus
Having more than what is needed.
technology
The design and use of tools, ideas, and methods to solve problems.
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