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Careers in Psychology Chapter 2
Opportunities in a Changing World Kuthers
Terms in this set (29)
Psychology doctoral graduates
61 percent of these graduates are from sub-fields of clinical, counseling, or school psychology.
Mental Health Service Providers
Largest sub-field in psychology with 69 percent of psychology doctoral students entering this area.
Assesses and treats people with psychological problems; act as therapists; work in academic settings, hospitals, community health centers, or private practice.
Clinical psychologist education
DOCTORATE IN PSYCHOLOGY WITH TRAINING IN RESEARCH & CLINICAL PRACTICE. MANY EMPLOYED IN UNIVERSITIES IN ADDITION TO PRIVATE PRACTICE.,
- phD or PsyD degree
Clinical Psychologist primary work environments
private practice, universities, hospitals, out-patient clinics, community health centers, medical schools, veteran's administrative, correctional facilities, child and family services, rehabilitation centers,professional consultation.
Branch of Psychology that assists people with problems in living, often related to work, school , or marriage, and in achieving greater well being
5 Unifying Themes of Counseling Psychology
. Focus on intact personalities
2. Emphasis on person-environment interactions
3. Emphasis on educational and career development
4. Relatively brief interventions
5. Focus on people's strengths, assets, and positive mental health
Counseling Psychology Work Environments
Some psychologists work independently, conducting research or working with patients. Others work as part of a healthcare team, collaborating with physicians and social workers or in school settings, working with students, teachers, parents, and other educators. Those in private practice often work evenings and weekends to accommodate clients.
Clinical versus Counseling Psychology
Clinical: focuses more on psychopathology; severe disorder;
Main difference is counseling psychologist treat people with LESS severe psychological disorders
Mental Health Professions
Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, psychiatric nurses, rehabilitation counseling, marriage and family therapists;
;is a person who offers services for the purpose of improving an individual's mental health or to treat mental illness.
Research (is more heavily emphasized in clinical and counseling psychology masters and doctoral programs)
Difference between counseling/ and clinical psychology vs other mental health training programs
Human Services worker, Social worker, and substance abuse counselor
Three mental health profession fields that are accessible to those with Bachelor's Degree
Human Service Worker
A person who organizes and implements programs that aid families and individuals in preventing or resolving problems related to basic needs, substance abuse, and human relationships., Works in hospitals, half-way houses, community organizations (Girls and Boys Club, domestic violence hotlines, etc.) Has at least a high school diploma, usually an associate's or bachelor's degree.
Job: work with client and client's family by coordinating inpatient and community resources to meet psychosocial and environmental needs that are necessary for recovery and/or discharge, Assesses clients, families and caregivers with accessing social support services and obtaining needed reimbursement/funding; provides individual, couple and family counseling/crisis intervention ; contributes to d/c plan
****$44,200 per year----->$21.25 per hour
Substance Abuse Counselor
A type of mental health practitioner: ___________ offer evaluation, counseling case management, and various other services to individuals who abuse alcohol or other drugs. Some counselors have entered the field without a college education. However, associate, bachelor, or master degree programs are required for many jobs.
**** $38,520 per year-------->$18.52 per hour
Professional association that offer certification and substance abuse counseling; addressing nondiscrimination, responsibility, competence, legal and moral standards, public statements, publication credit, client welfare, confidentiality, client relationships, inter professional relationships and societal obligations
Pros of a Substance Abuse Counselor Career
Faster than average (27%) job growth expected from 2010-2020*
Could be hired as a counselor with only a high school diploma*
Could earn national certification to practice across the U.S.*
Pros of being a Social Worker
Get to work in various settings throughout their career
Builds self esteem
Makes you humble and selfless
Get to meet people from different section of group, community or society
Learns to be tolerant, respectful to others
Flexible working hours
Cons of a Substance Abuse Counselor Career
Job prospects are higher for those with specialized training and education*
May need to work evenings and weekends
Working in private practice will require pursuing licensure*
You will need to pursue graduate studies to pursue certification**
Cons of being a Social Worker
Mediocre pay as compared to other jobs.
Have to work in varied and limited settings, sometimes unpleasant.
Concerns regarding their safety.
Pros of Being Counseling Psychologist
Extensive job preparation (9+ years of undergraduate and graduate education)*
Emotionally draining career*
Long hours and demanding schedule (evening and weekends)*
Need to stay up-to-date on research and therapy trends in counseling*
Pros of Being Counseling Psychologist
Ability to help people in need address their problems*
Well-paying career ($73,000 average wage in May 2011)*
Job growth in the field (22% from 2010-2020)*
Ability to work in variety of settings (private practice, community treatment center, hospital or nonprofit organization)*
Self employment opportunities (34% self employed)*
PH.D vs Psy.D Degrees (***Also Psy. D. programs are more expensive)
Emphasis on practice vs emphasis in research (respectively)
Psychologist Licensure Process
Obtain a doctoral degree in psychology.
Accrue supervised hours — ranging from 1,500 to 6,000 hours, depending on the state.
Pass the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP).
Pass a jurisprudence exam, if applicable.
Receive approval by a state licensing board that requirements have been met.
You are now a licensed psychologist.
****Expect to pay between $1300 and $1600 for this entire process
prescriptive authority for psychologists
Although psychologists have more training in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders than any other health care professionals, the majority of all psychotropic medications are prescribed by health care providers with little to no training. The APA Practice Organization supports the efforts of our state, provincial and territorial psychological association partners to obtain prescriptive authority for qualified, licensed psychologists to help fill the need for access to comprehensive, quality mental health care
Remote consultation by patients with physicians or other health professionals via telephone, closed-circuit television, or the Internet.
the delivery of health-related services and information via telecommunications technologies; This could be as simple as two health professionals discussing a case over the telephone, or as sophisticated as using videoconferencing to between providers at facilities in two countries, or even as complex as robotic technology.
program evaluation work
-alternative to providing direct service for licensed psychologists
-develop programs that schools or community placement offer
-identify and develop the types of programs that are warranted for a particular agency or type of client
-avoid stress of daily service provision to clients/miss the intimate contact and satisfaction from client programs that practitioners experience regularly
-work as research associates at nonprofit organizations or as consultants (earn $85,000 and $77,000 respectively each year)
-an alternative option for licensed psychologists
-manage clinical services
-manage an entire agency or organization
-oversees the operations of an agency (eg. staffing, budget, healthcare delivery systems, and technological advances, daily operations)
-long hours, work related stress, $80,000 annual salary
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