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PRAXIS (History and Law)
Terms in this set (43)
How many hours are needed for NASP approved training?
Where can you find the most accurate definition of school psychologists?
APA Division 16
What was the first national conference to discuss graduate training in clinical psychology?
Boulder Conference 1949
What was the first national conference for school psychologists that discussed advanced training, credentialing, and practice?
Thayer Conference in West Point 1954
What was the first conference that discussed school psychology internships?
Peabody Conference 1963
Which state was the first to approve internships and held and invitational conference for school psychologists?
Describe the Olympia conference
Discussed the Future of School Psychology with guest speakers from both NASP and APA 16th division
When was NASP developed?
When was the first School Psychology journal founded?
Journal of SP 1962
Spring Hill Symposium 1980
First comprehensive evalaution of the field of SP since the Thayer conference in 1954 that discussed modifications in professional practice and training
What is Public Law 94-142
Education for All Handicapped Children 1975 to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for Hector and other infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families
What is FERPA?
Family Education Rights and Privacy Act: gives parents certain rights with respect to their children's education records.
What is the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965?
Also known as Title I, is a program created by the U.S. Department of Education to distribute funding to schools and school districts with a high percentage of students from low-income families, with the intention to create programs that narrow the achievement gaps
What acts followed Lyndon B Johnson's act?
No Child Left Behind and Every Child Succeeds
No Child Left Behind
Holds states, schools, and school districts more accountable for their standardized tests scores.
Every Child Succeeds Act
Repealed the No Child Left Behind Act retains the hallmark annual standardized testing requirements of the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act but shifts the law's federal accountability provisions to states. Under the law, students will continue to take annual tests between the third and eighth grades
Gerald Ford 1975
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the federal law that supports special education and related service programming for children and youth with disabilities. It was originally known as the Education of Handicapped Children Act, passed in 1975. Revisions: 1990,1997, 2004.
Due Process (14th Amendment)
No denial of oppotunity (equal protection clause), procedural fairness against infringement or deprivation of rights (due process)
What are the two definitions of documents based on FERPA?
1) Directory information: not generall harmful or invasion of privacy if disclosed. 2) Sole possession records: kept in the sole possession of the maker used only as personal memory aids
Determination whether bx "was caused by or had a direct, substantial relationship to the disability" or was the direct result of the LEA's failure to implement IEP. SP's are separate from the disciplinary process rather they collect data
Federal Antidiscrimination Legislation: Rehabilitation Act (1973)-Section 504
Dx is not needed if parent requests
Accomodate for the disability and modify the environment
State Law AB 1369
Requires California Superintendent to develop program guidelines for students with dyslexia to improve: identification, strategies for remediation, and educational services
State Law AB 2246
Suicide Prevention Local educational agency that serves pupils in grades 7-12, inclusive, shall, before the beginning of the 2017-2018 school year, adopt, at a regularly scheduled meeting, a policy on pupil suicide prevention. Address procedures relating to suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention
Case Law Brown vs. Board
Equal protection for ethnic minority students
Case Law Larry P v. Riles
The court found that IQ tests could not be used as a sole indicator and showed the importance of using multiple tools to assess a child's needs. Assessment bias towards African American students.
Case Law Lau v. Nichols
School must provide instruction and accommodations for ESL students
Case Law: Diana v. State Board of Education
Case Law: Hobson v. Hansen
Schools must provide equal educational opportunities despite students' socioeconomic status.
Case Law: Honig v. Doe
Manifest Determinations if a special ed. student is suspended for >10 days.
Case Law: Marshall v. Georgia
You can have a higher percentage of minority students in special ed. IF appropriate and proper steps were taken for placement
PARC v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (1972)
Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) sued the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for a state law that allowed public schools to deny education to certain children, namely those who had not "attained a mental age of 5 years"
Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley
is a United States Supreme Court case concerning the interpretation of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. Amy Rowley was a deaf student, whose school refused to provide a sign language interpreter. Her parents filed suit contending violation of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. In a 6-3 decision authored by Justice Rehnquist, the Court held that public schools are not required by law to provide sign language interpreters to deaf students who are otherwise receiving an equal and adequate education
Irving Independent School District v. Tatro (1984)
addressed the question of whether the related services provision of the Education of the Handicapped Act of 1975, now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), required a school board in Texas to provide clean intermittent catheterization during class hours to a student who could not voluntarily empty her bladder because of her spina bifida. In holding that the board was required to provide catheterization, the Court reasoned that because this service was required in order for the child to remain at school during the day and that it was a simple procedure that could be performed in a few minutes by a lay person with less than an hour's training, it qualified for coverage under the IDEA
Oberti v. Clementon
Rafeal Oberti has Down's Syndrome. ... They felt the Borough of Clementon School District violated the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. IDEA is a federal law that requires schools to educate disabled children in the least restrictive environment, or LRE (mainstreaming and inclusion).
Newport-Mesa Unified School District v. State of California Department of Education (2010)
Providing a copy of a test protocol is allowed through FERPA
Where was the first accredited school psych program?
Universty of Austin
Studied gifted children and helped revised the Stanford-Binet norming with American children
Became the first school psychologist in 1915 and is believed to have created the first tests that measured child development
Father of school psychology
argued that intelligence is primarily inherited and that environment plays only a minimal role in intelligence.
Dr. Philip Vernon
Key expert in balanced intelligence
Guadalupe vs. Temple School District
Students cannot be identified as MR unless they were properly assessed considering the student's primary language and had scores at least 2 sd;s below the mean.
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