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PRAXIS Key Terms
Terms in this set (21)
What are the three main aspects of bilingual theory?
1) The development of the student's L1 should help English aquisition
2) Changing nature of student's proficiencies
3) Context-imbued second language skills are acquired before context-reduced second language skills
Law of effect
Bx's that are followed by good consequences are likely to be repeated in the future.
How long does it take for a typical student to develop BICS?
6 months to 2 years
How long does it take for a typical student to develop CALP?
Ability to manipulate language and decontextualized academic situations (5-7 years).
What are the ADHD neurotransmitters?
Dopamine and norepinephrine
Crystallized intelligence (Gc)
Knowledge and skills gained through experience and education; gc tends to increase over the life span.
Fluid intelligence (Gf)
aspects of innate intelligence, including reasoning abilities, memory, and speed of information processing; relatively independent of education and tends to decline as people age
What is the Hawthorne effect?
performance improves if a person is made to feel important or singled out- pertains to being observed
Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) Theory
crystalized (acquired), fluid (problem-solving & adaptability), other abilities (visual & auditory processing, memory, speed of processing, reaction time, quantitative skills, and reading-writing skills)
Spearman's Intelligence Theory
Used factor analysis, argued that intelligence could be expressed by a single factor that he named g for general
is the phenomenon of a person exerting less effort to achieve a goal when he or she works in a group than when working alone.
involves an observer measuring how long it takes for a behavior to begin after a specific verbal demand or event has occurred.
is not a stimulant. Instead, it works by boosting levels of the brain chemical norepinephrine, which helps reduce impulsive behavior and hyperactivity and increases attention span
SSRI that can treat OCD, PTSD, social anxiety, panic disorder, and depression
SSRI that can treat depression, OCD, panic disorder, and bulimia.
Analysis of variance
a collection of statistical models and their associated estimation procedures used to analyze the differences among group means in a sample.
Analysis of difference
Measures effect of treatment
Multiple regressional analysis
used when we want to predict the value of a variable based on the value of two or more other variables. The variable we want to predict is called the dependent variable (or sometimes, the outcome, target or criterion variable).
Law of exercise
law of use/disuse: the more often an association is used the stronger it becomes; and conversely: the longer an association is unused the weaker it becomes
National Council on Measurement of Education.
NCME professionals work in evaluation, testing, program evaluation, and, more generally, educational and psychological measurement.
The American Educational Research Association, or AERA, is a professional organization representing education researchers in the United States and around the world.
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