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another name for urinary system
a pair of bean-shaped organs that filter water and waste materials from the blood
fatty tissue surrounding the kidney
protective outer covering of the kidney
outer layer of the kidney
inner part of the kidney
indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave
filtering units of the kidney that remove wastes from the blood and produce urine
cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron
C-shaped strucutre of the nephron of a kidney which encloses the glomerulus and starts the convoluted tubule
liquid waste product produced by the urinary system
funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter
The tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body.
Mucosal folds, which are prominent when the bladder is empty, and disappear as the bladder distends.
involuntary waves of muscle contraction that moves urine through the ureters from the kidney to the bladder
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
the external opening of the urethra.
below normal amounts of urination
absence of urine
blood in the urine
pus in urine
urination at night
inability to empty the bladder
inflammation of the bladder
inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney, secondary to strep infection of throat or skin
progressive disease that causes scarring and sclerosing of the glomeruli
removal of waste products from the blood by an artificial kidney machine
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
a kidney stone
procedure where shock waves are used to crush kidney stones so that they can be eliminated through the urine
acute renal failure
sudden loss of kidney function caused by renal cell damage from ischemia or toxic subtances, reversible
chronic renal failure
progressive, unreversible loss fo kidney function
toxic condition that occures when the kidneys fail and urinary waste products are present in the bloodstream
inflammation of the urethra caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemicals