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characteristics of life
organization and cells, use of energy, homostasis, growth and development, reproduction
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes; offspring are identical to parents
a coherent group of general propositions used as principles of explanation for a class of phenomena
compares an experimental group and a control group and has independent and dependent variables
find a statement explaining observations, and data can be treated. Now, compare variables to the control group
determine the hypothesis, variables, and control group in an experiment
chemical decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by reacting with water
building block or proteins; a class of organic compounds containing at least one amino group
a compound found in living things that supplies the energy in its chemical bonds directly to cells is ____
a system of flattened membranous eukaryotic sacs containing new proteins or lipids; modifies proteins for export
organelles that transfer energy from organic molecules to ATP; produce energy; power house of the cell
activation energy, temperature, and pH
these 3 things determine the speed or rate of a chemical reaction
moves through nuclear pores to the cytoplasm to carry out functions, ribonucleic acid, single helix
contains genetic information; found in nucleus; transribed into RNA; double helix; deoxyribonucleic acid
all living things are composed of cells; cells are the basic unit of structure and function in an organism; cells come only from the reproduction of other cells
organeles that are surrounded by two membranes and contain DNA are the ____ and _____
the process in which cells become restricted to carrying out one or a few functions is called Cell _____
the force of attraction between a hydrogen molecule with a partial positive charge and another atom or molecule with a partial or full negative charge
the slight positive and slight negative charge in a molecule results in the molecule being called _____
taken together, the thousands of chemical reactions that take place in a plant or animal cell are called
the branch of biology that studies the interactions of organisms with one another and their environment is called
the specialized structure that bacteria use to transfer plasmids between each other and also for attachment to host cells is called the_____
when genetic information is passed from parent to offspring, the process is called _____
In order to obtain the correct magnification for a compound microscope you must multiply the _____ by the objective lens.
4 x or 10 x
When you first put a slide on the stage for viewing, you must use the _____ objective to focus
The membrane component that allows larger materials in and out of the cell is called _____ _____
the membrane component that binds with messengers and allows messages into the cell is called ____
thylakoids of the chloroplasts
the photostems and electron transport chains are located in the ______
the excited electrons as they pass along the electron transport chain of photosystem 2
the energy that is used to establish the proton gradient across the thylakoid membrane comes from_________
splitting of water molecules
electrons needed to reestablish the cholorphyll in photosystem 2 come from _______
a 5 carbon substrate invovled in carbon fixation; used and created during calvin cycle; product of phosphorylation of ribose
a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one reaction is used in the next reaction
what product of the light reactions of photosynthesis is released and does not participate further in photosynthesis?
cells make limited amounts of ATP by converting glucose into lactic acid or ethyl alcohol- anaerobic respiration
water soluble components of cell cytoplasm; aqueous fluid- bathes organelles inside of cell membrane
2 molecules of pyruvic acid
in aerobic respiration, glucose is converted into _____ when they enter the Kreb's cycle
electrons are transported from one molecule to another
what happens to electrons as they are transported along the electron transport chain?
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