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33 terms

Sexually Transmitted Infections

...and Sexually Related Diseases
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Chanchroid
Painful, crater-like sores.
Primary-stage syphilis
Large, ulcer-like painless sores.
Secondary-stage syphilis
Itch-less, painless rash all over the body.
Late-stage syphilis
Large ulcers on skin and bones, and damage to heart and nervous system.
Gonorrhea
Puss-like discharge and/or burning during urination.
Pubic lice
Intense itching caused by grayish six-legged parasites.
Moniliasis
AKA Yeast infection; thick, white, cheesy vaginal discharge and intense itching.
HIV/AIDS
Loss of appetite, fatigue, slow recovery from colds, continual yeast infections, purple blotches on skin, pneumonia.
Venereal warts
AKA Human papillomavirus; cauliflower-like growths.
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Severe abdominal pain and fever.
Scabies
Scaling skin caused by pearly mites.
Herpes
Fluid-filled blisters.
Trichomoniasis
Copious, foamy, yellow-green discharge and odor.
Molluscum contagiosum
Wart-like growths that look like small pimples filled with kernels of corn.
Chlamydia
Thin, clear discharge and irritation of the urethra.
Hepatitis
Jaundiced or yellow tinge of skin and eyes.
Cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder.
Hepatitis A
Spread by direct or indirect contact with contaminated feces.
Hepatitis B
Transmitted by infected blood or body fluids, with about 50% of cases contracted during sex.
Hepatitis C
Spread mainly by contaminated blood, but may possibly be spread by sexual intercourse.
HPV
Human papillomavirus; viruses that cause abnormal growths in epithelial cells. Over 100 types; some cause genital warts while others can lead to cervical cancer.
CD4+
The cells the HIV infection kills, resulting in AIDS.
Primary HIV infection
The first few weeks of HIV, during which HIV reaches enormous levels in the blood and 50% to 75% of infected individuals experience flu-like symptoms.
Crabs
AKA Pubic lice, feed on blood.
Pinworms
Small worms that live in the large intestine and are generally transmitted through nonsexual contact with the worms' eggs, but can be transmitted sexually by manual or oral contact with the anus of an infected person.
Amebiaseis
Dysentery caused by infestation of amoebae, one-celled organisms.
Types of vaginitis
Trichomoniasis, moniliasis, bacterial vaginosis.
Consequences of PID
Ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
STIs which women do not show signs at first
Gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, HPV, and HIV.
STIs which men do not show signs at first
HPV, HIV, and trichomoniasis.
Most common STI in US
Trichomoniasis.
Most common bacterial STI in US
HPV (human papillomavirius).
LPV
Lymphogranuloma venerum: an STI common in tropical countries that is caused by Chlamydia. If left untreated, it causes swelling of the lymph nodes, penis, labia, and clitoris.