CIS CE Ch. 2 Key Terms
Terms in this set (91)
Located in the header of an email message; the email address of the persons sending, receiving, and, optionally, anyone else who is to receive copies.
Advanced Research Project Agency network (ARPANET)
A national computer network from which the Internet developed.
(small apps) Web pages contain links to programs called (term), which are written in a programming language called Java. These programs are used to add interest to a Web site by presenting animation, displaying graphics, providing interactive games, and so forth.
A file, such as a document or worksheet, that is attached to an email.
A peer-to-peer file-sharing protocol used for distributing large amounts of data over the internet.
Special Internet software connecting you to remote computers; opens and transfers files, displays text and images, and provides an uncomplicated interface to the Internet and web documents. Examples of [term]s are Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome.
A type of electronic commerce that involves the sale of a product or service from one business to another. This is typically a manufacturer-supplier relationship.
A type of electronic commerce that involves the sale of a product or service to the general public or end users.
Cords used to connect input and output devices to the system unit.
Cascading style sheets (CSS)
Files inserted into an HTML document that control the appearance of web pages including layout, colors, and fonts.
Center for European Nuclear Research (CERN)
In Switzerland, group the Web was introduced in 1992.
A service offered through Google Plus, for grouping individuals according to common interests or other criteria.
Client-based email account
An account that requires a special program known as an email client to be installed on your computer.
Data stored at a server on the Internet and available anywhere the Internet can be accessed.
A type of electronic commerce that involves individuals selling to individuals.
Currency for Internet purchases. Buyers practice [term] from a third party (a bank that specializes in electronic currency) by transferring funds from their banks.
The second part of the URL; it is the name of the server where the resource is located. For example, www.mtv.com
Process of transferring information from a remote computer to the computer one is using.
Service provided to telephone companies using existing telephone lines to provide high-speed connections.
Buying and selling goods over the Internet.
A Web application that allows one to take educational courses online.
Buying and selling goods over the Internet.
Electronic mail (e-mail)
Transmission of electronic messages over the Internet.
Communicate with anyone in the world who has an Internet address or e-mail account with a system connected to the Internet.
The most widely used social networking site, as of 2008.
Community of individuals who share common interest on Facebook.
[Term] often used by business and public figures to promote ideas, products, and services.
An individual's Facebook page, which may include photos, lists of personal interests, contact information, and other personal information.
File transfer protocol (FTP), Secure file transfer protocol (SFTP)
Internet service for uploading and downloading files.
(1) [This] blocks access to selected Web sites.
(2) [This] will locate or display records from a table that fit a set of conditions or criteria when using programs like Excel.
An individual on a list of contacts for an instant messaging server.
Google Plus (Google+)
A combination of some of Google's previously existing services with some new services, many of which are similar to Facebook's services.
A service offered through Google Plus, for communicating with up to 10 people at a time.
A typical e-mail has three elements: header, message, and signature. [Term] appears first and includes addresses, subject, and attachments.
The sites that a search engine returns after running a keyword search, ordered from most likely to least likely to contain the information requested.
[Term] is a connection or link to other documents or Web pages that contain related information.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
[Term] is programming language that creates document files used to display Web pages.
Instant messaging (IM)
A program allowing communication and collaboration for direct, "live," connections over the internet between two or more people. Universal instant messengers support communication with other services.
A huge computer network available to everyone with a microcomputer and a means to connect to it. It is the actual physical network made up of wires, cables, and satellites as opposed to the Web, which is the multimedia interface to resources available on the Internet.
Internet security suite
[Term] is a collection of utility programs designed to make using the Internet easier and safer.
Internet service provider (ISP)
[Term] provides access to the Internet.
Programming language for creating special programs like applets. See applets.
A scripting language that adds basic interactivity to Web pages.
A connection to related information.
The premier business-oriented social networking site.
For browsers to connect to resources, [term]s or addresses must be specified. Also known as uniform resource locators or URLs.
The content portion of e-mail correspondence.
Publishes short sentences that only take a few seconds to write, rather than long stories or posts like a traditional blog.
Special browsers designed to run on portable devices.
Being connected to the internet is described as being [term].
A feature provided by banking institutions that allows customers to perform banking operations using a Web browser.
Program that is automatically loaded and operates as part of a browser.
An Internet-based medium for delivering music and movie files from the Internet to a computer.
Rules for exchanging data between computer. The protocol http:// is the most common.
Specialized programs assisting in locating information on the Web and the Internet.
Organizations that maintain databases relating to information provided on the Internet and also provide search engines to locate information.
Provides additional information about a sender of an e-mail message, such as name, address, and telephone number.
Using the internet to connect individuals.
Unwelcome and unsolicited e-mail that can carry attached viruses.
Software that uses a variety of different approaches to identify and eliminate [term] or junk mail.
A Google Plus service, which automatically provides news on selected topics of interest and facilitates sharing this information with others to spark further discussion.
Specialized search engine
Search engine that focuses on subject-specific Web sites.
Special program that continually looks for new information and updates a search server's databases.
Located in the header of an e-mail message; a one-line description used to present the topic of the message.
Move from one Web site to another.
Text messaging (texting)
The process of sending a short electronic message typically less than 160 characters using a wireless network to another person who views the message on a mobile device, such as a smartphone.
Top-level domain (TLD)
Last part of an Internet address; identifies the geographical description or organizational identification. For example, using www.aol.com , the .com is the [term] code and indicates it is a commercial site. Also see domain name.
The most popular microblogging site that enables you to add new content from your browser, instant messaging application, or even a mobile phone.
Uniform resource locator (URL)
For browsers to connect you to resources on the Web, the location or address of the resources must be specified. These addresses are called [term]s.
Universal instant messenger
An instant messaging service that communicates with any other messaging service programs.
Process of transferring information from the computer the user is operating to a remote computer.
Hidden instructions that migrate through networks and operating systems and become embedded in different programs. They may be designed to destroy data or simply to display messages.
Introduced in 1992 and prior to the web, the Internet was all text. [Term] made it possible to provide a multimedia interface that includes graphics, animations, sound, and video.
The first generation of [term], which focused on linking existing information.
The second generation of the [term], which evolved to support more dynamic content creation and social interaction. Facebook is one of the best-known Web 2.0 applications
The third generation of the [term], which focuses on computer-generated information requiring less human interaction to locate and to integrate information.
Similar to traditional auctions except that all transactions occur over the Web; buyers and sellers seldom meet face-to-face.
Web-based e-mail client
A specialized program that communicates with the e-mail service provider and must be installed on the computer first.
Web-based file transfer services
A type of file transfer service that uses a Web browser to upload and download files, allowing you to copy files to and from your computer across the Internet.
An internet delivery medium that uses streaming technology, in which audio and video files are continuously downloaded to a computer while the user is listening to and/or viewing the file content.
See subject directory
Web log (Blog)
A type of personal Web site where articles are regularly posted.
E-mail that uses a [term] client.
A special program that runs on an e-mail provider's computer that supports webmail.
[Term - job] develops and maintains Web sites and Web resources.
Browsers interpret HTML documents to display [term]s.
Specialized utility programs making the internet and the web easier and safer. Some examples are plug-ins that operate as part of a browser and filters that block access and monitor use of selected websites.
A Web site that allows people to fill in missing information or correct inaccuracies on it by directly editing the pages.
An online encyclopedia, written and edited by anyone who wants to contribute.
Modem that connects to the serial port but does not connect to telephone lines. It receives through the air.