How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Geography: Chapter 12: Physical Geography of Europe

STUDY
PLAY
fjords
steep U-shaped valleys that connect to the sea and that filled with seawater after the glaciers melt
Uplands
hills or very low mountains that may also contain mesas and high plateaus
Meseta
central plateau of Spain
Massif Central
uplands
Peat
partially decayed plant matter found in bogs
North Atlantic Drift
a current of warm water from the tropics
mistral
a cold, dry wind from the north
sirocco
a hot, steady south wind that blows from North Africa across the Mediterranean Sea into Southern Europe
dikes
earthen banks
polder
land that is reclaimed by diking and draining
seaworks
structures that are used to control the sea's destructive impact on human life
terpen
those seaworks include dikes and high earthen platforms
Zuider Zee
an arm of the north sea that is now a freshwater lake
Ijsselmeer
another name for Zuider Zee
city-state
a political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands
republic
a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name
Crusades
a series of wars to take Palestine from the Muslims
Renaissance
began in the Italian city-states, was a time of renewed intrest in learning and the arts that lasted from the 14th through 16th centuries
aqueducts
structures that carry water for long distances
Benelux
Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg
Reformation
a period when many Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant churches
feudalism
political system in which powerful lords owned most of the land
Nationalism
the belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history
Holocaust
a program of mass murder of European Jews and othe minorities.
Nordic countries
Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
Parliament
a representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed
Silicon Glen
The section of Scotland between Glasgow and Edinburgh has many high-tech companies (which use silicon computer chips)
euro
a common currency that people have mixed feelings baout adopting in the EU
cultural crossroads
a place where various cultures cross paths
balkanization
refers to a process of a region breaking up into small, mutually hostile units
satellite nations
nations dominated by another country
market economy
industrie make the goods consumers want to buy
folk art
produced by rural people with traditional lifestyles instead of by professional artists
anti-Semitism
discrimination against Jewish people
Slobodan Milosevic
Serbian leader that tried to increase Serbia's power over the rest of Yugoslavia.
South Slavs
Slavic people migrated from Poland to Russia and settled in the Balkan Peninsula in the 500s
ethnic cleansing
The policy of trying to eliminate an ethnic group through violence
Vojislav Kostunica
In 2000, the Yougoslav people elected a reform leader as president
cyanide
a deadly poison
European Enviornmental Agency
provides the EU with reliable information about the enviornment
particulates
very small particles of liquid or solid matter
smog
a brown haze that occurs when the gases released by burning fossil fuels react with sunlight to create hundreds of harmful chemicals
ozone
a form of oxygen that causes health problems