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World Studies Midterm
Terms in this set (19)
What was arguably the basis of ALL conflict in Europe prior to 1750?
What did the act of supremacy make Queen Elizabeth I of England?
Named her "the only supreme governor" of church nad state.
What did the Edict of Nantes accomplish for the people of France?
made Catholicism the official religion of France + gave Huguenots the right to worship and enjoy religious privileges.
What brought the 30 years war to an end, and divided the holy roman empire into 300 independent kingdoms?
Peace of Westphalia
What was the divine right of kings?
King gets his power from God. not his followers
What type of government did Oliver Cromwell establish in England?
What did the Restoration achieve in England?
Suspended laws that were passed against Catholics and Puritans.
What king led France for 72 years, leaving France with many enemies and establishing Versailles as the center of government by his death?
Explain why the Seven Years war was truly the first World War.
Because France, Austria, Russia fought GB, Prussia. also fought in different places around the world.
List the 3 major causes of the French revolution.
1. social inequalities
2. economic problems
3. weak monarchy
What group unleashed the reign of terror upon the French people?
Committee of public safety
Who was the leader of the committee of public safety?
In 1799, what allowed for Napoleon Bonaparte to take power?
The congress of Vienna was made up of what countries?
GB, Austria, Prussia, Russia
List 5 reasons the industrial revolution started in Britain.
1. agricultural practices changed.
2. abundant food supply-pop. growth
3. Britain had capital/entrepreneurs
4. natural resources
5. Britain had many markets for their goods.
The revolutions in 1848 took place in which 4 countries?
France, Germany, Austrian Empire, Italy
What was ministerial responsibility?
prime minister was responsible to the popularity elected legislative body, not the king or president.
Britain, France, and Italy are examples of countries that saw their governments become more ___________________ in the late 19th century.
Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Germany are examples of countries that saw their governments become more ___________________ in the late 19th century.
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