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NBCOT Therapyed Ch10 psychiatric (by heatherminm)
Terms in this set (21)
-loss of speech
-impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere damage either to Broca's area (impairing speaking) or to Wernicke's area (impairing understanding).
inability to organize movement
the inability to recognize familiar objects.
difficulty with memory only (기억장애, 건망증)
-A form of amnesia that is seen in chronic alcoholics coupled with nutritional deficits.
-an alcohol related disorder marked by extreme confusion, memory impairment, and other neurological symptoms.
Reisburg's stages for dementia
1 - no disability
2 - forgetting normal age-related info
3 - beginning signs and deficits are noted (difficulty with complex tasks, forgets important info)
4 - deficits are noted in all IADL (word finding issues, only simple repetitive ADLs)
5 - person cannot functional independently (poor judgement, needs cue for simple ADL)
6 - person cannot perform ADL without cues (cannot sequence at all, incontinent)
7 - vegetative state
An eating disorder characterized by an obstinate and willful refusal to eat, a distorted body image, and an intense fear of being fat.
an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging.
oppositional Defiant Disorder
A disorder of childhood and adolescence characterized by excessive anger, spite, and stubbornness
a persistent pattern of deviant behavior involving aggression to people or animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, or serious rule violations.
-ODD like to progress into a conduct disorder if aggression is prominent.
disruptive behavior disorders
A class of childhood mental disorders that involve serious acting-out behavior problems and often include attention oppositional defiant, and conduct disorders.
Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)
Autism Spectrum Disorder
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by significant deficiencies in communication and social interaction, and by rigidly fixated interests and repetitive behaviors
normal IQ, high level social skills, socially uncomfortable w/ illogical thinking,
restricted interests & behaviors, clumsy,
-A genetic disorder that affects girls,
-characterized by autistic behaviors, intellectual disability and regression of communicative abilities in early childhood.
-purposeful hand movements (hand wringing, licking, biting, slapping of fingers)
- uncoordinated and stiff gate.
rett's syndrome intervention
stereotypical movements of licking, biting, and slapping of the hands in the child.
-intervention : adaptation to maintain the integrity of the skin, such as dynamic elbow splints that inhibits a hand to mouth pattern by liming full elbow flexion.
pervasive developmental disorders
group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; autism and Asperger syndrome are examples
reactive attachment disorder
Attachment disorder in which a child with disturbed behavior neither seeks out a caregiver nor responds to offers of help from one; fearfulness and sadness are often evident.
- frequently chaning caregivers.
ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
-a psychological disorder marked by extreme inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity
is generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning. It is defined by an IQ score 70 or lower in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affects ADL's.
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