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31 terms

Carbs

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Triglycerides have 3
Ester linkages
Triglycerides linkages are between
glycerol and fatty acids
A mostly saturated triglyceride
Is a solid at room temperature, known as a fat
A mostly unsaturated triglyceride
Is a liquid at room temperature, known as an oil
Hydrogenate
The process of saturating a triglyceride, turning an oil to a semi solid
Oxidize a Triglyceride
gives you its four components
Cis Bonds
Are what triglycerides are found in nature
Phosphoaclyglycerols lipids
Have 5 structural components
Phosphoaclyglycerols have
2 fatty acid bonds and a phosphoric acid attached to a amino alcohol
Choline
HO-C-C-N(CH3)3 Amine group that attaches to a phophoaclyglycerol
Ethanolomine
HO-C-C-N Amine group that attaches to a phophoaclyglycerol
Serine
HO-C-C(COH(O))-N Amine group that attaches to a phophoaclyglycerol
Letchithins
Found in cell membranes, chloline attached to the phosphoric acid on a phophoaclyglycerol
phosphoacylglycerols can be found in
the heart, liver, brain
The two fatty acid chains make up the
non polar part of the cell membrane
Cereboside
A sphigolipid that has a monosaccharide attached as the additional component (usually glucose or galactose)
Ganglioside
A sphingolipid that has an oligiosaccharide, 2-7 sugar units, attached as the additional component
glycolipids
Another name for a cereboside or ganglioside
Steroids
Lipids made up of 3 six membered rings and one 5 membered ring
Chloresterol
most abundent steroid in the body, essential part of all cell membranes, building block for many horomones, needed for synthesis of Vitamin D and bile acids, liver makes about 1 gram a day
Chylomicrons
this lipoprotein carries the triacylglycerols from digestion
LDL
(Low Density Lipoprotein) Transports chloresterol from the liver to the cells
HDL
(High Density Lipoprotein) Transports chloresterol from the cells to the liver to be turned into bile and excreted
A decrease of the cells to take up
LDL causes chloresterol build ups
Too much LDL made in the
Liver causes chloresterol build ups
Desmosterolosis
Characterized by increased desmosterol, decreased cholesterol, profound microcephaly, clubfoot/hand malformations, and submucous cleft palate
Bile Salts
chloresterol oxidation products
Good emulsifying agents
Bile Salts
Help Make lipids soluable
Bile Salts
Help in the digestion of fats
Bile Salts
Amino acid production increases
due to the horomone steroids that enter the nucleus of the cell