10 terms

Izzy's AP Psych Prologue

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empiricism
the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
functionalism
a school of thought that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function - how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
psychology
the science of behavior and mental processes
nature-nurture issue
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors
natural selection
the principal that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
basic research
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
clinical psychology
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
psychiatry
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy