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45 terms

Nutriton vocab

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Nutrient
is a substance in food that helps with body processes
calorie
is a unit of energy produced by food and used by the body
proteins
is a nutrient that is needed for growth and to build, repair, and maintain body tissues
amino acids
are the building blocks that make up proteins
carbohydrate
is a nutrient that is the main source of energy for the body
fiber
is the part of grains and plant foods that cannot be digested
vitamins
a water soluble or fat soluble is a nutrient that helps the body use carbs, proteins, and fat
mineral
is a nutrient that regulates many chemical reactions in the body
saturated fats- level of cholesterol in a person's blood (solid at room temperature). Unsaturated fats- liquid at room temperature
what is the difference between saturated fat and unsaturated fat
serving size, calories listing, calories from fat
what can be found on a food label
complete proteins have all the essential amino acids.
what is the difference between complete and incomplete proteins
9
how many amino acids do we need to get everyday
weakness, dizzy, dry mouth, dry skin
what are some symptoms of dehydration
80 ounces
how much water do people lose daily through normal bodily functions
food group
is a category of foods that contain similar nutrients
food guide pyramid
is a guide that tells how many servings form each food group are recommended each day
dietary guidelines
are recommendations for diet choices among health Americans who are two years of age or more
saturated fat
is a type of fat from dairy products, solid vegetable fat, and meat and poultry
cholesterol
is a fat- like substance made by the body and is found in certain foods
30% or less
what percentage of the total calories you eat should come from fat
because you need the right amount of servings so that your body can get everything it needs
why should you limit your intake of fats, oils, and sweets
helps strengthened the heart and controls body fat
why do you think it is important to balance the food you eat with physical activity
metabolism
is the rate at which food is converted into energy in body cells
electrolyte
is a nutrient that becomes electrically charged when in a solution such as bodily fluid
food-borne illness
is an illness caused by consuming foods or beverages that have been contaminated with pathogens
supplement
is a substance that is added to the diet to increase the total dietary intake
check dates, keep fridge between 35-45 F, always wash your hands before cooking
what can you do to protect yourself from food-borne illness
salmonellosis, botulism, E coli
what are three serious food-borne illnesses
because eating breakfast jump starts metabolism and burns calories. not eat breakfast causes a person to eat more
why is it important to not skip breakfast
check menu, ask if your food can be prepared healthful, look at number of servings
what are some healthful things you can do when ordering form a restaurant menu
grilled chicken choices, order small or junior sized burger, limit meat on pizza
fast-food choices
moves digestion along
what is fiber good for
water souable B and C
vitamins that dont build up in the body
plants
what are some incomplete proteins
hydrogenation
process that keeps stuff on the shelf
20
body needs
11
produces
energy
how does your body use carbs
water is moved thought the body. fat soluble stays in the body
water soluble/fat soluble
biotechnology
grapple (apple + grape)
pasteurization
use of heat to kill bacteria
radiation, packaging, and pressure cooking
3 other processes
manage stress, sight or smell of food, or when your bored
motivation to eat
understand why you eat, knowledge, follow guidelines
healthful eating habits
popcorn, peanut-buter, fruit
healthy snacks