301 terms

J Fresh's English 9 Vocabulary Words

This is a list of vocabulary words for Ms. Johnson's English 9 class.
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vilify
to belittle, disparage, criticize
deride
to mock, ridicule, make fun of
daunt
to intimidate
florid
flushed, reddish or pinkish in color
luminous
bright, shining
nefarious
wicked, evil
fickle
capricious, whimsical, given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior.
don
to put on
doff
to take off
adorn
to dress up, decorate
subtle
not obvious
imperturbable
calm
solicit
to ask for
conspicuous
in the open, overt
prosaic
dull
boisterous
loud
acrimonious
bitter, angry, filled with resentment
incredulous
disbelieving, distrustful
byzantine
very complicated
archaic
no longer in use, antiquated, primitive
quiescent
motionless, dormant
repugnant
disgusting
eclectic
from a variety of sources
incisive
keen, sharp, astute
ephemeral
temporary
vindictive
revengeful
willful
stubborn
altruistic
Unselfish
benevolent
kindly, charitable
philanthropic
Generous in assistance to the poor
gratuitous
given or done for free, unsolicited
affinity
attraction to, liking for
indifferent
neutral, don't care one way or another
unwitting
unaware, unintentional
brazen
shameless
equivocate
to use ambiguity to mislead or avoid a commitment
duplicity
treachery, deceitfulness
sacrosanct
sacred, holy
solipsistic
the belief that "you" are all that exists and matters, extremely egotistical, believing "the world revolves around you," pompous, bombastic
nihilism
a total rejection of established laws and institutions
hedonistic
believing that we only exist for pleasure
abnegate
to give up or deny oneself a right or pleasure
caustic
harsh, stinging, biting
discern
to recognize, see clearly
raffish
vulgar, disreputable
canard
a false or baseless report or rumor
finagle
to trick or cheat, to get something by trickery
moot
of no practical importance
pinion
to confine
jaded
tired or worn out
quixotic
overly chivalrous or romantic, impractical
accrue
to accumulate, grow
aberration
an abnormality, something out of the ordinary
bellicose
warlike, eager to fight
bilk
to swindle, cheat
bequeath
to leave behind (as in a will)
bemuse
to bewilder, confuse
capitulate
to surrender
corroborate
to confirm
disparage
to insult, belittle
esoteric
hard to understand
equanimity
evenness of temper, calm under stress
fractious
unruly, likely to cause trouble
foible
a small weakness
garrulous
talkative, very social
hierarchy
a chain of command
insouciant
carefree, unconcerned
jargon
specialized vocabulary
utilitarian
practical
umbrage
an offense
trite
overused (cliché)
tome
a thick book
respite
a brief period of rest
remedial
designed to help or cure
quotidian
common, daily
quandary
a dilemma
pilfer
to steal items of little value
pernicious
causing great harm
lugubrious
very sad
laggard
someone or something that falls behind
waive
to give up (such as to waive your right to an attorney)
writhe
to twist or squirm
vacillate
to waver back and forth between choices
verbatim
word for word
verbose
wordy
orthodox
standard
succinct
terse, brief, short
plethora
an abundance of something, plentiful
egregious
really bad
diabilical
nefarious
copious
a lot of something
elite
a selective group
elocution
the art of public speaking
circumnavigate
to travel or move around
ancillary
secondary, something that assists
clavier
arrogant, a keyboard instrument, like a piano or harpsichord, with strings
boorish
ill-mannered or offensive
aesthetic
something that has to do with beauty
arduous
difficult or hard to do
belligerent
war-like
enigma
a mystery
insomniac
a person who can't sleep
convoluted
complicated
goad
to provoke
hapless
unlucky
moribund
nearly dead
jingoism
zealous patriotism
droll
amusing
propaganda
information that is usually false (involves politics)
nemesis
your bitter enemy
bombast
trying to impress others with big words
fiasco
a total failure
ostentatious
showy
ascribe
to give credit to someone
laconic
terse
adroit
skilled
endemic
specific to a certain place or group
clandestine
secretive
disseminate
to distribute
condescend
to talk down to someone
perspicacious
perceptive
juxtapose
to put side by side
covert
hidden
conjecture
a guess
quagmire
swampy ground OR a difficult situation
preclude
to prevent
innocuous
harmless
beseech
to beg
incessant
nonstop, never-ending
disparity
a difference
antagonist
the person who causes the problem for the main character
protagonist
the main character
pontificate
talking like a "know it all" without any qualifications
malaise
feelings of illness or sickness
magnanimous
generous, philanthropic, altruistic
exacerbate
to make worse
nocturnal
happening during the night
diurnal
happening during the day
narcissism
excessive interest in oneself
obtuse
slow in understanding
onomatopoeia
a word that means as it sounds (ex. tick tock)
hyperbole
an obvious exaggeration
hackneyed
trite, (adj) used so often as to lack freshness or originality
meandering
wandering
chronic
long-lasting
insurgent
a rebel
fuselage
the main body of an airplane
augment
to improve, make greater
elusive
hard to catch
enigmatic
mysterious, puzzling, unknown
precipitous
steep
feral
wild (as in not domesticated)
parsimonious
stingy
urbane
suave, smooth
patronizing
condescending
gregarious
social, talkative
incongruous
something that is out of place or doesn't fit
incoherent
hard to understand (ex. slurred speech or baby talk)
immutable
not changing, constant
ignominious
disgraceful, humiliating
cognizant
aware
banal
common, ordinary
abstract
vague, not definite, ambiguous
tentative
hesitant
indefatigable
tireless
edification
an enlightenment
opulence
wealth
austerity
sternness, severity
desiccate
to dry up
cursory
hastily done (the opposite of meticulous)
compunction
remorse, guilt
pejorative
critical, insulting, downgrading
anathema
a person or thing detested or loathed
deprecate
to belittle or insult
collusion
a secret agreement between two or more persons for a deceitful and often illegal purpose
ardent
passionate
lambaste
to scold sharply, criticize severely
pittance
a small amount (usually money)
incontrovertible
indisputable, unquestionable
opaque
not transparent
mitigate
to lessen
propinquity
nearness
paragon
the best example of something
effrontery
nerve, arrogance
anachronism
something out of place because it is from a different time period
skulduggery
trickery
mercurial
lively and witty OR fickle and changeable
inexorable
unyielding, cruel, pitiless
elucidate
to explain, make clear
exhaustive
thorough
fledgling
an inexperienced person, a novice
apocryphal
false
sycophant
a suck-up, brown-noser
ebullient
enthusiastic, full of cheer
enmity
hatred
sanguine
cheerfully optimistic OR blood red in color
expedite
to speed up
connotation
an implied definition (a slang definition), or a secondary definition (ex. "cool")
sagacious
wise
clemency
mercy
charlatan
A fake; fraud; imposter; cheat
fastidious
hard to please
conjure
to call upon, summon
animosity
bad feelings, ill-willed
deleterious
harmful
estrange
to alienate
deciduous
not lasting, falling off at a certain time of the year
prudent
wise
culpable
accountable, deserving blame
exculpate
to free from blame, to clear from a charge
dichotomy
division into two
chicanery
trickery
catharsis
an emotional release
eloquent
well-spoken
auspicious
favorable, positive
avarice
greed
invective
insulting or abusive language
chagrin
humiliation or embarrassment
erudite
wise, sagacious
espouse
to adopt, embrace, or suport a belief or cause
obsequious
eager to please, very obedient, sycophantic
surreptitious
clandestine
patrimony
something inherited (often from a male relative)
xenophobe
a person who fears foreigners, strange customs, etc.
synchronicity
a coincidence
pedestrian
ordinary, common, quotidian
pecuniary
relating to money
peripatetic
traveling from place to place
abject
hopeless, miserable (abject poverty)
amalgamate
to mix or merge
unctuous
greasy, oily
sentient
aware, having the power of perception, conscious
recalcitrant
defiant
replete
well-supplied, filled with
abate
to lessen or diminish
abide
to tolerate or go along with
abdicate
to formally give up (as in a throne)
harbinger
a precursor, foreshadowing, omen, sign
cupidity
greed, avarice
colloquy
a conversation, conference, dialogue
convivial
friendly, agreeable, jovial
comely
attractive
despondent
sad, depressed
debilitate
to make weak or feeble
neophyte
a beginner, novice
matriculate
to enroll (as in a college), to register
trepidation
fear
puerile
childish, immature
paucity
a scarcity, shortage
placate
to soothe, calm
interpolate
to insert something (like words in a text) with the purpose of deceiving, to interject (such as a remark) in a conversation, or to estimate the value of something
fatuous
ignorant, stupid
exonerate
to be officially free by the court
epicure
a food or drink expert
enervate
to weaken, debilitate
impervious
to be unaffected
garner
to accumulate, accrue
commensurate
proportional, equal
capricious
whimsical, fickle
ambivalent
conflicting feelings
abstruse
difficult, complicated, hard to understand
scintillating
dazzling, amazing
aggrandize
to cause to appear greater than it is the case (in terms of rank, wealth, or power)
obtrusive
pushy, forcing your opinions on others, meddling
ostensibly
allegedly
portend
to foreshadow, give warning of
impetuous
impulsive
diatribe
a bitter verbal or written attack
languid
sluggish, lazy-like
subjugate
to put someone under control, overpower, or subdue
juggernaut
an explosive force
nullify
to cancel
voracious
ravenous, thirsty for something
throng
a large group of people
barrage
a steady stream of something
serene
peaceful, calm
tenacity
unyielding, stubborn, refusing to quit
tenable
can be defended against attack or objection, justified
sublime
beauty that seams heavenly
reticent
quiet, reserved
reprobate
an immoral person
ruck
a wrinkle or crease
ribald
vulgar humor
ruminate
to think carefully and at length
tacit
silent
travail
a painful or laborious effort
renounce
to abandon
oblique
unclear
pragmatic
practical
impugn
to challenge or call into question
iconoclast
a rebel
incipient
at an early stage
diffident
timid, shy
feckless
ineffective, irresponsible
exhort
to urge on strongly
indolent
lazy
disconcerting
troubling, upsetting, disturbing
consternation
fear and shock
adamant
inflexible, stubborn
perfunctory
done without feeling or emotion, going through the motions
profligate
extravagant, wasteful, immoral