Important Authors for Literary Criticism

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Alice Walker (1944-)
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Miles Coverdale (1488-1569)1st English Translation of the BibleLuigi Pirandello (1867-1936)(Italian writer who one the Nobel Prize in 1934) Six Characters in Search of an Author, Henry IVThornton Wilder (1897-1975)(Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1928) The Bridge of San Luis Rey, Our Town (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1938)Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989)All the Kings Men (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1947), (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1958 and 1979)Tennessee Williams (1911-1983)A Streetcar Named Desire (Pulitzer Prize in 1948), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (Pulitzer Prize in 1955), The Glass MenagerieFlannery O'Connor (1925-1964)The Violent Bear It AwayDenis Diderot (1713-1784)French writer who made important contributions to the development of the short storyPearl S. Buck (1892-1973), O.E. Rolvagg (1876-1931), Ellen Glasglow (1873-1945), Elizabeth Madox Roberts (1881-1941)writers of Novels of the SoilSir Walter Scott (1771-1832)credited with the classic formula for the historical novel, Ivanhoe, The Pirate, Quentin Durward, Rob RoyEdgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)Murders in the Rue Morgue (original specific form of the detective story), The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque, Eureka: A Prose Poem, 19th century american short story authorJohn Updike (1932-2009)Rabbit, Run, Rabbit Redux, Rabbit Is Rich, Rabbit at Rest (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction 1991)William Faulkner (1897-1962)A Fable (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1955), The Reivers (1963), Light in August, The Sound and the Fury, The Unvanquished, As I Lay Dying, Absalom, Absalom!Edward Albee (1928-2016)Seascape (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1975), Top Dog/Underdog (1994), The Zoo Story, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, A Delicate Balance, Three Tall WomenJuan Romon Jimenez (1881-1958)1990 Nobel Prize for Literature (Mexican Poet)Rita Dove (1952-)Thomas and Beulah (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1987)John Steinbeck (1902-1968)Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993 (20th century American writer), The Red Pony, Tortilla Flat, East Eden, The Grapes of Wrath, The Winter of Our DiscontentHarper Lee (1926-2016)To Kill a Mockingbird (Pulitzer Prize in 1961)Nadine Gordimer (1923-2014)1991 Pulitzer Prize for Literature (South American Novelist)Thomas Mann (1875-1955)1929 Nobel Prize for Literature (German Social Critic)Annie Proulx (1935-)Accordion Crimes, The Shipping News, "Brokeback Mountain" (1994 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction)Stephen Sondheim (1930-) (music and lyrics) and James Lapine (1949) (the book)Sunday in the Park with George (Pulitzer Prize for Musical)Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935)Tilbury Town (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1925 and 1928), Collected Poems (1st official Pulitzer Prize for Poetry)Winston Churchill (1847-1965)The Second World War (1935 Nobel Prize for Literature)J.D. Salinger (1919-2010)Franny and Zooey, The Catcher in the Rye, "A Perfect Day for Bananafish"Arthur Miller (1915-2005)Death of a Salesman (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1949), The Crucible, The Misfits, A View from the BridgeHenry Brougham, Sidney Smith, and Francis Jeffrey in 1802The Edinburgh ReviewWilliam Tyndale, Miles Coverdale, John Rogers, Thomas Cranmer, and William WhittingtonEnglish translations of the BibleElizabeth Bishop (1911-1979)Poems- North & South (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1956)Shirley Ann Grau (1929)The Keepers of the House (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1965)Graham Greene (1904-1991)The Power and the Glory, The Heart of the Matter, The Quiet AmericanVladmir Nabokov (1899-1977)Lolita, Pale Fire (Russian emigre)William Butler Yeats (1865-1939)1923 Nobel Prize for Literature (Irish mythopoeic poet)Oscar Hijuelo (1951-2013)The Mumbo King Plays Songs of Love (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1990), Our House in the Last WorldKurt Vonnegut, Jr. (1922-2007)Slaughterhouse-Five, A Man without a Country, "Harrison Bergeron", SlapstickMoss Hart (1904-1961) and George S. Kaufman (1889-1961)You Can't Take It with You (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1937)Saul Bellow (1915-2005)1976 Nobel Prize (Jewish American literature), Seize the Day, Henderson the Rain King, Herzog, Mr. Sammler's Planet, the Actual, Humboldt's GiftWilliam Somerset Maugham (1874-1965)The Moon and Sixpence, Of Human Bondage, The Razor's Edge, Cakes and AleEmerson, Fuller, Alcott, Lowell, and Thoreau in Boston 1840-1844The DialHenry James (1843-1916)Daisy Miller, A Portrait of a Lady, The Americans, and the AmbassadorsJames Kirkwood (1924-1989) and Nicholas Dante (1941-1991)A Chorus Line (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1976)Louise Gluck (1943-)The Wild Iris (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1993)William Carlos Williams (1883-1963)Pictures from Brueghel (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1963)Eugene O'Neill (1888-1953)1936 Nobel Prize for Literature (American playwright) Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1957 (posthumously), Mourning Becomes Electra trilogy, Long Day's Journey into NightKatherine Anne Porter (1890-1980)Collected Short Stories (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1966), Pale Horse, Pale Rider, Ship of Fools, The Old Order: Stories of the SouthSalman Rushdie (1947-)Satanic Verses, The Ground Beneath Her Feet, The Jaguar Smile, Midnight's ChildrenJonathan Larson (1960-1996)Rent (Pulitzer prize for Drama in 1996)N. Scott Momaday (1934-)House Made of Dawn (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1969)Framework StoriesArabian Nights, Book of Job, Canterbury Tales, the DecameronJames Joyce (1882-1941)Finnegans Wake, Ulysses, A Portrait of an Artist as a young Man (Irish author)Jean-Paul Sarte (1905-1980)Declined the 1964 Nobel Prize for Literature (French author)James Merrill (1926-1995)Divine Comedies: Poems (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1977, used a Ouija board)Thomas Paine (1737-1809)A Letter to Abbe Raynal, Common Sense, The Rights of Man, The Age of Reason (British emigrant to the colonies), 18th century Colonial AuthoryLillian Hellman (1905-1984)The Little FoxesEudora Wetly (1909-2001)The Optimist's Daughter (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1973)Horton Foote (1916-2009)The Young Man from Atlanta (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1995), TexanBoris L. Pasternak (1890-1960)Dr. Zhivago (1958 Nobel Prize for Literature)William Golding (1911-1993)The Lord of the Flies (1983 Nobel Prize for Literature)Charles Wright (1935-)Black Zodiac (Pulitzer prize for Poetry 1998), (National Book Critics Circle Award 1997), (Los Angeles Times Book Prize for Poetry 1997)John Kennedy Toole (1837-1969)A Confederacy of Dunces, The Neon Bible (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1981) Both books were published posthumouslyRobert E. Sherwood (1896-1955)Idiot's Delight (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1936), Abe Lincoln in Illinois (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1939), There Shall be No Night (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1941)Nathaniel Hawthrone (1804-1864)The Marble Faun, The House of the Seven Gables, The Scarlet Letter, The Blithedale RomanceMarjorie Kinnan Rawlings (1896-1953)The Yearling (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1939)Neil Simon (1927-)Lost in Yonkers (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1991)Toni Morrison (1931-)Beloved (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1988), Song of SolomonSylvia Plath (1932-1963)The Bell Jar, Collected Poems (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1982)Gunter Grass (1927-2015)The Tin Drum (1999 Nobel Prize for Literature)Yasunari Kawabata (1899-1972)Thousand Cranes, The Master of Go (1968 Nobel Prize for Literature)Anne Sexton (1928-1974)Live or Die (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1967), encouraged to take up writing as a part of mental therapyKetti Frings (1909-1981)Look Homeward , Angel (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1958), names by the Los Angeles times Woman of the Year in 1958Charles Fuller (1939-)A Soldier's PlayCormac McCarthy (1933-)The Road (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2007), 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature, No Country for Old Men, All the Pretty HorsesGabriel Garcia Marquez (1927-2014)1982 Nobel Prize, exemplar of magical realismTed Kooser (1939-)Delight and Shadows (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 2005), Iowan who serves as a US Poet Laureate from 2004-2006Oscar Wilde (1854-1900)An Ideal Husband, A Woman of No Importance, The Importance of being Earnest, Lady Windmemer's Fan, Salome, The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Ballas of Reading Gaol,Robert Frost (1874-1963)Collected Poems, New Hampshire: A Poem with Notes and Grace Notes, John Brown's Body, Times Three: Selected Verse from Three Decades, A Further (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1931, 1937, and 1943) wrote about New England rural lifeSeamus Heaney (1939-2013)Door into the Dark, North, The Haw Lantern, District and Circle, Human Chain, Irish poet playwright, and translator of Beowulf, 1995 Nobel Prize for LiteratureTracy Letts (1965-)August: Osage Country (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 2008)Cotton Mather (1663-1728)Memorable Providences, Wonders of the Invisible World, Death Made Easy and Happy, Magnalia Christi Americana, Essays to Do Good, 17th century New England Puritan during the Salem Witch TrialsGeorge Oppen (1908-1984)Of Being Numerous (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1969)Philip Roth (1933-)Goodbye, Columbus, Portney's Complaint, American Pastoral, The Plot against America (Jewish American author)Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)The Sun Also Rises, The Old Man and the Sea, For Whom the Bell Tolls, A Farewell to Arms, Islands in the StreamJames Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)Last of the Mohicans, The Spy, Pioneers, Pathfinder, The Prairie, The Deerslayer "The American Democrat"Gao Xingjian (1940-)2000 Nobel Peace Prize for Literature, Chinese absurdist novelist, playwright, film director, translator, critic, and painterRudyard Kipling (1865-1936)If-, The Jungle Book, Rikki Tikki Tavi, The Man Who Would be King (British Writer)Alfred Bertram Guntrie, Jr. (1901-1991)The Way West (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1950)William Stryon (1925-2006)The Confessions of Nat Turner (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1968)John Ashbery (1927-2017)Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1976)George Orwell (1903-1950)Animal Farm, Burmese Days, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, 1984 (20th century British Author)Mario Vargas Llosa (1936-)Candidate for Peruvian presidency in 1990, leading Latin American man of letter, 2010 Nobel Prize for LiteratureBernard Malamud (1914-1986)The Magic Barrel, The Natural, The Assistant, The Fixer (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1967), Polish-born Jewish-American authorJohn Milton (1608-1674)Paradise Lost, Paradise Regaines, AreopagiticaRalph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)"Harvard Divinity School Address", Phi Beta Kappa address "The American Scholar"Oliver Goldsmith (1728-1774)The Vicar of Wakefeild, She Stoops to Conquer, The Deserted VillageWilliam Saroyan (1908-1981)The Time of Your Life (declined the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1940)Richard Wilbur (1921-1017)Things of This World (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1957)Frank D. Gilroy (1925-2015)The Subject Was Roses (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1965)Charles Simic (1938-)The World Doesn't End (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1990), Pulitzer Prize finalist 3 times, Serbian American imagist poetThomas Pynchon (1937-)V, The Crying Lot 49, Gravity's Rainbow, Vineland, Mason and Dixon, Against the Day, American "Genius Award" RecipientEdmund Spenser (1552-1599)The Shepheardes Calendar, The Fairie Queene, Amoretti, Epithalamion, Elizabethean authorJhumpa Lahiri (1967-)Interpreter of Maladies (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2000 and Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award), Bengali AmericanJane Austen (1775-1817)Sense and Sensibility, Emma, Pride and Prejudice, Persuasion, Northanger Abbey, Mansfield Park, Lady SusanLarry McMurtry (1936-)Lonesome Dove (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1986)Geoffrey Chaucer (unknown-1400)The Book of the Duchess, Trolius and Criseyde, The House of FameJohn Dryden (1631-1700)All for LoveWilliam Wycherley (1641-1716)The Country WifeGeorge Etherege (1636-1691)The Man of ModeAphra Behn (1640-1689)OroonokoWilliam Congreve (1670-1729)Love for Love, The Way of the WorldCarson McCullers (1917-1967)The Heart is a Lonely Hunter, The Ballad of the Sad Cafe, The Member of the Wedding, 20th century American authorChristopher Marlowe (1564-1593)Jew of Malta, The Tragicall History of the Life and Death of Doctor FaustusPablo Neruda (1904-1973)Chilean Poet, aspirant to the Chilean presidency, 1971 Nobel Prize for LiteratureEdith Wharton (1862-1936)The House of Mirth, The Age of Innocence, The Marne, Ethan FromeWilla Carther (1873-1947)A Lost Lady, My Antonia, One of Ours, O Pioneers!William Inge (1913-1973)Picnic, Come Back Little Sheba, The Loss of RosesYusef Komunyakaa (1947-)Practical Goods (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1994)W. H. Auden (1907-1973)Age of Anxiety (Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1948),August Wilson (1945-2005)Fences (Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1987)Samuel Butler (1835-1902)Erewhon, adopted couplet known as Hudibrastic VerseDario Fo (1926-2016)1997 Nobel Prize for Literature, Italian authorMichael ShaaraThe Killer of Angels (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1975)