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Unit 4 Vocab
Terms in this set (28)
the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
extending the power and domination of a nation especially by direct territorial acquisitions or by gaining indirect control
an extreme form of this, especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries.
Taking sides and supporting another country, military, economically and politically.
1st Revolution (Feb 1917): Ended monarchy of Czar Nicholas II. 2nd Revolution (Nov 1917): Established power of Bolsheviks in Russia (formally established Communism as system of government, and Lenin as leader)
a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Treaty of Versailles
a peace treaty signed by the Allied powers and Germany on June 18, 1919, at the Paris peace conference at the Palace of Versailles in France; it assigned Germany responsibility for the war, required Germany to pay reparations to the Allied countries, reduced Germany's territory, and included the covenant for the League of Nations
government control over every aspect of public and private life
an instance or policy of aggressive behavior by one state against another. the extension or attempted extension of authority, influence, power, etc, by any person, country, institution
to give in to an aggressor to avoid war
Triple Alliance (start of WW1)
Secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente (start of WWI)
The members of the original Triple Entente were France, Britain, and Russia.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Leader of Germany during WWI
Czar (Tsar) Nicholas II
Leader of Russia at the start of WWI
Central Powers (End of WWI)
World War 1 alliance, headed by Germany and Austria-Hungary, later included the Ottoman empire, Bulgaria, opposed the Allied Powers.
Allied Power (End of WWI)
World War I alliance, headed by France, Britain, and Russia. later included the United States and Italy. Note: At the end of World War 1 Russia will drop out of World War 1 and Italy will switch alliance systems.
Region of northern France where much fighting took place
Armies conduct attacks on each other from opposition positions in fortified trenches.
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
President of the United States at the beginning of WW!
Leader of France during WWI
at the end of World War I, a 14-part plan for peace presented by President Woodrow Wilson to Congress on January 8, 1918
Freedom to live as one chooses,or to act or decide without consulting another or others
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
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