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Pharmacy Semester Exam Review
Terms in this set (47)
the study of drugs within the body, absorption , distribution, metabolism, excretion
study of the action of drugs on living tissue
study of the use of drugs in treating disease
the science of the preparation and dispensing of drugs
the study of the harmful effects of drugs on living tissues. ( the Body)
study of the amount of drug that is required to produce therapeutic effects
the medication prescribed, the name(s) and quantities of prescribed ingredients: acetaminophen/codeine 300/30 mg
part of the prescription that is used to indicate the number of authorized refills: refills 3
means, mark thou" usually abbreviated " Sig" of "Signa"; these are the directions to the patient" ii tabs p.o. bid
written instructions from a doctor for the preparation of a particular medicine or remedy for the pharmacist.
Educate patients, prescribers, and other health care team members on risks associated with prescription and non-prescription products which are commonly abused.
Alert prescribers and other health care professionals to possible substance misuse by a specific patient.
Gatekeeper for prescription and non-prescription product.
helps licensed pharmacists provide medication and other health care products to patients
under the direction of licensed pharmacists, dispenses, distributes, and administers medications prescribed
1. Add together the 1st, 3rd and 5th digits.
2. Add together the 2nd, 4th and 6th digits. Double it.
3. Add the two totals together.
4. The second digit in that total is the check digit.
The second letter of the DEA # is the last name of the prescriber.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
The federal agency responsible for enforcing the nation's laws and regulations regarding narcotics and other controlled substances.
Medication Therapy Management (MTM)
MTM is a distinct service or group of services that optimizes drug therapy with the intent of improved therapeutic outcomes for individual patients.
DEA Form 222
-must be used whenever Sch I or II drugs are bought, sold or transferred between pharmacies or qualified distributors.
-ordering controlled substances. Up to 10 different types can be listed on the form, valid for 60 days
DEA Form 41
Documents disposal and destruction of scheduled drugs
FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS)
provides central collection for problems caused by drugs, side effects, adverse events
allergies should be reported here
Vaccines adverse events should be reported under VEARS system
patient package insert
DEA Form 106
report of theft or loss of controlled substances
A procedure to maintain an accurate and up-to-date list of medications for all patients between all phases of health care delivery.
is a medication that kills or damages cells
must be disposed of in a hazardous waste bin in the pharmacy.
Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations
The Merck Index
info on chemicals,drugs,and biological including names chemical structures and physical and toxicity data
Pink Book (CDC)
Provides information on epidemiology and vaccine preventable diseases
United States Pharmacopeia (USP)
authoritative list of drugs, formulas, and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing
Hazardous Drugs - Handling in Healthcare Settings
take up to 3 tabs during single episode
place under tongue
store in original container
discard on expiration date
HIPAA Privacy Rule
Law that regulates the use and disclosure of patients' protected health information (PHI).
A written order from a doctor for a specific medicine
Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951
Prohibits dispensing of legend drugs without a prescription.
NPI (National Provider Identifier)
a unique 10-digit identification number issued to health care providers in the United States by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
A prescription serial number
must appear on the label of a dispensed prescription container.
time based on a 24 hour clock
Roman numeral system
system of writing numbers using a combination of M, D, C, L, X, V, and I
Schedule I drugs have the most abuse potential and no current medically acceptable use
Marajuana, heroin, LSD, peyote, mescaline
schedule II controlled substance, a drug with a high potential for abuse, for which dispensing is severely restricted and prescriptions may not be refilled
If a partial fill occurs the pharmacy must dispense the remainder within 72 hrs. State law dictates how long a prescription for a C-II medication is valid
morphine, methadone, oxycodone, hydromorphone,, hydrocodone, fentanyl, levporphanol, meperidine, methylohenidate, secobarbinol, and methamphetamine
Schedule III drugs have moderate abuse potential with low to moderate risk of dependence (more likely psychological than physical) May refill prescriptions 5 times in 6 months. May transfer prescription to another pharmacy once
Ketamine, buprenorphine, anabolic steroids, intermediate-acting barbiturates
Schedule IV drugs have a low abuse potential and low risk of dependence. May refill prescriptions 5 times in 6 months.May transfer prescription to another pharmacy once
Benzodiazepines (diazepam), long-acting barbiturates (phenobarbital)
some medications are by prescriptions only, others are OTC. May refill prescriptions 5 times in 6 months these are BTC and must be 18 years of age and in limited quantities. The sale of these BTC medications must be kept in a log book.
The Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act
sets daily and monthly restrictions (3.6 grams per day and 7.5 grams per month)
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