Middle Ages Quiz
Terms in this set (15)
King Phillip IV of France and Pope Boniface VIII disagreement of kings' obedience to the popes
Who was the conflict between that caused the papacy to move from Rome to Avignon, France?
The two men fought over who had the greater authority or power. King Phillip then responded by captured and imprisoning the pope. He then applied lots of pressure to the cardinals which late caused a new pope to move to Avignon, France.
How did the conflict between King Philip the IV and Pope Boniface VIII cause the papacy to move to France?
People wanted a Roman or Italian pope, and when reformers tried to move the papacy back to Rome, Pope Gregory died
How did the Avignon papacy weaken the church?
Was a split in the church in which the Italian pope lived in Rome and the French pope lived in Avignon
The Great Schism
They later chose a single pope, but then the problem worsened creating 3 popes. The council then forced all 3 popes to resign.
What role did the Council of Constance have on the Great Schism?
An Englishman who challenge the papacy/pope. He believed that Jesus Christ was the true head of the church. He also thought that the clergy should own no land or wealth. Taught that the Bible was the final authority for Christian life
Was a professor in Bohemia that taught that the authority of the Bile was higher than that of the pope. He was later excommunicated and tricked into being burned at the stake.
It originated in Asia and it spread through trade routes and merchant ships
What was the origin of the Bubonic Plague and how did it spread?
Town populations fell, trade declined and prices rose, serfs left the manor in search of better wages, Jews were blamed for brining on the plague and were killed, and the Church suffered a loss of prestige when its prayers failed to stop the deaths
Effects of the Black Death
A war mostly between the monarchs of France and England and not the people. The French King and the English King both battled for the French throne. Eventually, the French finally drove out the English and they won the war.
The Hundred's Year War
The English adopted the longbow which was a weapon that was easy to carry and very effective. It also did not require a lot of skill to use. Soldiers also used cannons for the first time, especially to destroy castles.
How did the Hundred's year war change warfare?
The easily accesible to use weapon did not require much skill which eventually caused knights to become less and less which caused the whole feudal system to collapse.
What was the impact of the longbow on warfare?
A French girl who claimed to have voices speaking to her that told her to help the French become victorious in the Hundred's Year War. She also caused the French soldiers to become motivated to fight for their country by being an inspiration. This also caused the French to believe that God was on their side.
Joan of Arc
It caused a large sense of nationalism for England and France. France prospered and their power and prestige increased. Meanwhile, the English people suffered a period of turmoil know as the War of Roses.
What was the overall impact of the Hundred's Year War?
The end of the Hundred Years' War was considered the end of the Middle Ages, religious devotion and the code of chivalry (twin pillars) crumbled, and the Age of Faith and Age of Chivalry both died
Why do the events describe in this section represent the end of the Middle Ages?
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