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Essential Elements Book 2 pp. 5 - 17
Terms in this set (18)
Notes with this articulation are played lightly and with separation. They are marked with a dot above or below the note.
Notes with this articulation are played smoothly and connected, holding each note until the next is played. They are marked with a straight line above or below the note.
This English composer who lived 1508-1585 served as a royal court composer for Kings Henry VIII and Edward VI, and Queens Mary and Elizabeth. During his lifetime, the artist Michaelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel.
(One or more parts imitating the first part) These were used in many forms by 16th century composers.
A strict (or exact) canon which can be repeated any number of times without stopping.
When this occurs during a piece of music, you will usually see a thin double bar line. You may also see natural signs reminding you to "cancel" previous sharps or flats. Keep playing, using the correct notes indicated.
Gradually get louder
Gradually get softer
Cut Time (Alla Breve)
2 beats per measure, the half note gets one beat.
mezzo piano (mp)
mezzo forte (mf)
This occurs when an accent or emphasis is given to a note that is not on a strong beat. This type of "off-beat" feel is common in many popular and classical styles.
George M. Cohan
This American composer lived 1878-1942 and was also a popular author, producer, director and performer. He helped develop a popular form of American musical theater now known as musical comedy. He is also considered to be one of the most famous composers of American patriotic songs, earning the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1917 for his song Over There. Many of his songs became morale boosters when the United States entered World War I in that same year.
This rhythm gets 1/4 beat in common time.
Gradually slower (same as ritardando)
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