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Chapter 7 Vocab and 7.1 Notes
Government Alive! Chapter 7
Terms in this set (14)
The status of being a citizen, a person who by birth or naturalization enjoys certain rights and has certain duties in nation-state.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws that enforced segregation and denied legal equality to African Americans.
Lawful Permanent Resident
An immigrant who is legally authorized to live and work in the United States permanently, but is not a U.S. citizen; also known as a resident alien or legal resident.
A person who has come to the United States to live and work without the required legal papers.
A legal process through which a person not granted citizenship by birth can become a citizen of that country.
An ideology favoring an active role for government in efforts to solve society's problems.
An ideology favoring a limited role for government and more private initiative by nongovernmental groups in efforts to solve society's problems.
Associations and other voluntary groups that form a middle layer in society between government and individual families.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Supreme Court ruled that slaves born in the United States were not considered citizens of the United States.
extended the rights of citizenship to former slaves and defined citizenship as anyone born in the United States
Plessy v. Ferguson
the court upheld segregation laws, stated that segregated facilities are "separate but equal".
Brown v. Board of Education
Held that "separate but equal" was unconstitutional, and led to the desegregation of public schools.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Banned discrimination in most areas of American life on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin
a basic set of political beliefs about the roles of government and the individual in society
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