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A mental image or best example of a category - matching new items to the prototype provided a quick and easy method for including items in a category
A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently
A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past
Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes
The tendency to be more confident than correct - to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments
The tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid
Clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited
The science of designing and programming computer systems to do intelligent things and to simulate human thought processes
The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language
Beginning at 3 to 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language
The stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words
Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements
Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram, using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting "auxiliary" words
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