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Terms in this set (20)
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
The study of the mind
Psychology is like a person trying to figure out how and why a clock ticks.
A study conducted via careful observations and scientifically based research
A study based on research and observation
To be accepted in the field of science the empirical approach must be used to protect the authenticity of the research.
A historical school of psychology devoted to uncovering the basic structures that make up mind and thought
Psychology focused on the study of the parts of the mind
Structuralism is like studying individual bricks in order to understand the whole building
A historical school of psychology that believed mental processes could best be understood in terms of their adaptive purpose and function.
Psychology focused on the study of the function of the mind
Functionalism is similar to learning how to drive just so you can get from place to place.
A historical school of psychology that sought to understand how the brain works by studying perception and perceptual learning
Psychology based on trying to understand the whole mind instead of its parts
Gestalt psychology is similar to studying a whole building as opposed to the bricks with which it was built.
A historical school that has sought to make psychology an objective science focused only on behavior
The study of psychology based solely on behavior
Behaviorism is like putting a person in a clear box and watching them. Watching only their actions.
An approach to psychology based on Sigmund Freud's assertions, which emphasize unconscious processes.
Psychology that believes that all mental illness springs from the unconscious
Psychoanalysis is similar to believing that sharks only come from the bottom of the ocean
The psychological perspective that searches for the causes of behavior in the functioning of genes, the brain and nervous system, and the endocrine system.
Psychology based on our physical bodies and how it affects behavior
The biological view is similar to how a historian examines history by seeing an event, then discovering the various people and smaller events caused it.
The psychological perspective emphasizing changes that occur across the lifespan
Psychology focused on developmental changes
The developmental view would be similar to studying each different season to learn about the year
The psychological perspective emphasizing mental processes, such as learning, memory, perception, and thinking, as forms of information processing.
Psychology focused on studying mental processes as a way to process information
The Cognitive view is similar to learning about a computers various circuits to figure out how the computer processes information
The psychological perspective emphasizing mental health and mental illness. Psychodynamic and humanistic psychology are variations on the clinical view
The view focused on mental illness
The clinical view is similar to a hospital on a war front, discovering and helping those directly in need
A clinical viewpoint emphasizing the understanding of mental disorder in terms of unconscious needs, desires, memories, and conflicts
Psychodynamic psychology emphasizes the study of the unconscious to unlock mental illness
Psychodynamic psychology is similar to trying to figure out why a shark came from the bottom to the surface.
A clinical viewpoint emphasizing human ability, growth, potential, and free will
Psychology with emphasis on the human behind the brain.
Humanistic psychology is similar to the people who study the local people when a new factory is built to see if they are ok.
A psychological perspective that finds the source of our actions in environmental stimuli, rather than in inner mental processes
Psychology that looks for answers in the environment for behaviors
The Behavioral viewpoint is similar to a baby crying and a parent trying to figure out the reason for the crying.
A psychological perspective emphasizing the importance of social interaction, social learning, and cultural perspective
Psychology focused on the importance of our interaction with other people.
Sociocultural psychology is similar to a parent watching their children playing with their friends to find out reasons for behavior and beliefs.
A complex blend of language, beliefs, customs, values, and traditions developed by a group of people and shared with others in the same environment
When people live near each other and share the same environment they develop similar customs etc.
Similar to how family member share many traits, because if similar environments
A psychological perspective that views behavior and personality as the products of enduring psychological characteristics
Studying individual aspects of a persons personality in order to determine the reason for behavior
The trait view is like looking at individual aspects of personality of you and maybe your parents and saying this is why you do things.
Mental processes, such as thinking, memory, sensation, and perception
Different aspects of thought process
Cognition is all the different ways the little wheels in your brain move.
The field devoted to understanding how the brain created thoughts, feelings, motives, consciousness, memories, and other mental processes
Trying to understand how the brain creates all mental processes and perception
Neuroscience involves lots of research because the scientists must understand the brain in order to figure out how it works
The process of reporting on one's own conscious mental experiences
Asking people what their thoughts, feelings, and perceptions.
Understanding what people think can sometimes unlock the mysteries of how and why they do such things
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