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PSYCHIATRY

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acrophobia
Morbid (unhealthy) dread of high places
agoraphobia
Fear of being in a large open space
ambivalence
The simultaneous existence of conflicting attitudes, as of love and hate toward the same object
amentia
Feeblemindedness; a mental disorder characterized by marked mental confusion, sometimes so severe as to approach stupor
amok
A psychic disturbance marked by a period of depression followed by violent attempts to kill people...
analysand
One who is being psychoanalyzed
anamnesis
The collected data concerning a patient, his/her previous environment and experiences, including any abnormal sensations, moods, or acts observed by the patient or by others and the dates of their appearance and duration, as well as any results of treatment
ataractics
Tranquilizing agents widely used in psychiatric disorders such as agitation, aggressive outburst, psychomotor overactivity, etc.; they are the same as antianxiety agents
bradyphrasia
Slowness of speech due to mental disorder
bradypsychia
Slowness of mental reactions
carphology
The involuntary picking at the bedclothes seen in grave fevers and in conditions of great exhaustion
catalepsy
A morbid (abnormal) state in which there is a waxy rigidity of the limbs that may be placed in various positions, which will be maintained for a time
catatonia
Stupor
chorea insaniens
Chorea with symptoms of insanity chiefly seen in pregnant women
coprophilia
A psychopathologic interest in filth, especially in feces and in defecation
cyclothymia
A temperament characterized by cyclic alternations of mood between elation and depression
cyclothymic personality
An individual manifesting mood swings from elation to depression
*dysboulia (dis boo-lE-uh)
Abnormal weakness or disturbance of the will
echopraxia
The spasmodic and involuntary imitation of the movements of another
ego-dystonic
Denoting any impulse, idea, or the like that is repugnant to and inconsistent with an individual's conception of himself/herself
electronarcosis
Anesthesia produced by passing an electric current through the brain by electrodes placed on the temples
enosimania
Obsessive belief of having committed an unpardonable offense
*flagellation (flaj-eh lA-shun)
Whipping or being whipped to achieve erotic pleasure
hebephrenic schizophrenia
Shallow inappropriate emotions, disorganized thinking, unpredictable childish behavior and mannerisms, indicative of gross personality disorganization
ideation
The distinct mental presentation (or picturing) of objects (or thoughts)
Korsakoff's psychosis
A chronic brain syndrome associated with a prolonged use of alcohol
lability
In psychiatry, emotional instability; a tendency to show alternating states of gaiety and somberness
malingering
The willful, deliberate, and fraudulent feigning or exaggeration of the symptoms of illness or injury done for the purpose of a consciously desired end
mesmerism
Hypnotism
*metaphrenia (met-uh frE-nE-uh)
The mental condition in which the interests are withdrawn from the family or group and directed to personal gain or aggrandizement
milieu therapy
The utilization of a modified and controlled environment in the treatment of mental disease
*mydriasis (mi drI-uh-sis)
Extreme or morbid (unhealthy) dilatation of the pupil; dilatation of the pupil as the effect of a drug
neurasthenia
A neurosis characterized by chronic weakness, easy fatigability, and sometimes exhaustion
nihilism
A form of delusion in which, to the patient, everything no longer exists
nympholepsy
Ecstasy; transport, especially one of an erotic nature
*obnubilation (ob-noo bih-lA-shun)
A clouded state of the mind
oligophrenia
Defective mental development
paresthetic
Relating to or marked by paresthesia
phagomania
An insatiable craving for food, or an obsessive preoccupation with the subject of eating
postictal
Following a stroke or seizure, such as an acute epileptic attack
psychometry
The measurement of intelligence; psychological testing
psychotogen
A drug that produces psychotic manifestations
*recidivism (rE sid-ih-vizm)
The relapse or recurrence of a disease
Rorschach test
A personality test that attempts to detect conscious or unconscious personality traits and conflicts by eliciting the individual's associations to a set of ink blots
obsessive rumination
The constant preoccupation with certain thoughts, with inability to dismiss them from the mind
selenoplegia
A morbid (unhealthy) condition once believed to be due to the influence of the moon's rays
somatization
In psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms
somnambulism
A hypnotic state in which the subject has the full possession of his/her senses but no subsequent recollection; sleep walking
tangentiality
A disturbance in the associative thought process in which the patient tends to digress readily from one topic under discussion to the other topics that arise in the course of associations
*workup work up
The lab, x-ray, or other procedures involved in the diagnostic study of a patient with regard to the symptoms or complaints