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Current Events and Iran Study Guide

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (24)

-Called "white" bc "bloodless"
- Goal 1: Gain support of those classes and people that supported the traditional system
-Goal 2: Westernization
-Goal 3: Prevent a "red revolution"

-Reforms: Economic: Profit sharing for workers, gov't financed heavy industry projects, price stabilization, infrastructure was improved and expanded (Point: Gain support of the working class); Social: Nationalization of forests, pasture lands, water; increase public education, especially rural areas; women's suffrage; women able to run for election, lawyers, judges; marriageable age for women raised to 15; public assistance to poor mothers of infants; increase in public health care, especially rural areas; village reforms-->greater control of local affairs (Point: Increase opportunities, services, westernization); Agrarian: Land reforms (90% of sharecroppers became landlords), therefore end to feudalism and influence of landlords; modernization of agriculture; rent control of land (Point: Gain support of the peasant class)
-Corruption: Tried to end with structural reforms but corruption continued to be a major problem

-It was supposed to be a non-violent, bloodless regeneration of Iranian society
-Its focus was on economic reforms in order to transform the country into a global economic and industrial power
-"White Revolution had been design to preempt a Red Revolution. Instead it paved the way for an Islamic Revolution."

-Effect of the reforms: Frustrated urban working class: Economic growth and opportunities BUT quadrupled size of the working class, when denied of trade unions and political parties BECAME ANGRY, [held no allegiance to the Shah]; Empowered angry peasant class: Empowered politically BUT many angered by social reforms or personal grievances, [held no allegiance to the Shah]; Frustrated middle class/intelligentsia: Increased professional opportunities, education system, political reforms and women's rights BUT quadrupled the size of the middle class and intelligentsia; when denied political parties and professional associations, and corruption continued BECAME ANGRY

-Progress was made, but not as effective as could have been
-The Shah tried but continued uncontrollable corruption of the elite/gov't, continued control of oil by foreigners, poor results on land reforms, westernization not accepted by all, therefore the Shah seen as the enemy