Upgrade to remove ads
Government Exam Terms
Terms in this set (93)
a politically organized body of people under a single government
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
a group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes religion
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
an agreement in which people give power to a government in exchange for its protections
form of government in which all key powers are given to the national government
form of government that divides powers between the states and the federal government
a loose union of independent states
a document establishing the structure, functions, and limitations of a government.
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
an individual or group holds complete political power
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
a form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
a group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of its policies
A proposed law presented to a legislative body for consideration
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
The people in a district that are represented by the congressperson
a law proposed to raise money
a proposed law to authorize spending money
The current holder of the elected office that is seeking reelection
the work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
A formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by congress
A fee or duty that is paid by the people to run the country
A representative who votes according to the desires of his or her voters back home
A representative who votes based on what he or she thinks is best for his or her constituency
A representative who acts as a trustee or as a delegate, depending on the issue
A movement to discontinue a filibuster
works out a compromise between differing House-Senate versions of a bill
A permanent committee in the House or Senate that considers bills within a certain subject area
A proposed law
A body of persons appointed by a president to head the executive departments of the government
a strong popular support-- is one of the greatest sources of power for a president; authority to do something
a Law that the president signs and doesn't go through congress
when a president refuses to spend money raised by congress for a certain purpose
grants postponed punishment of a legal purpose
a release from a legal punishment
a group pardon to people for an offense against the government
an agreement between the president and a foreign leader that doesn't need senate's consent
a formal agreement between two or more international governments
when the president or a high ranking officer (with the president's permission) can refuse to give information to congress or a court
an official in a government department
the official residence or offices of an ambassador in a foreign country
Writ of certiorari
an order from the Court to a lower court to send up the records on a case for review.
The Supreme Court's power to examine the laws and actions of local, state, and national governments and to cancel them if they violate the Constitution
Model on which to base other decisions in similar cases
Decide the limits of the government's power and the rights of the individual
A law written by the legislative branch of government.
Concerns disputes among two or more individuals or between individuals and the government
Cases where the government charges someone with a crime and there is always a prosecution
the person who brings charges in a lawsuit, called the complaint.
The person against whom the suit is brought
More serious crimes like vandalism, simple assault, stealing inexpensive items, etc
Serious crimes such as burglary, kidnapping, arson, rape, fraud, forgery, manslaughter, or murder are considered
the prosecutor, defense lawyer, and police work out an agreement through which the defendant pleads guilty to a lesser crime (or fewer crimes) in return for the government not punishing for more crimes.
a group of citizens who review the prosecution's allegations, sworn in.
law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in a criminal trial.
is the act of exposing oneself generally, by making a statement, "to an accusation or charge of crime;....
the prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
the authority of a court to rule on certain cases (state trial court/federal district court)
Authority held by a court to hear a case that is appealed from a lower court
a formal accusation charging a person with a crime
Opinion (Supreme Court Term)
Legal explanation of the Supreme Court decision, used by lower courts to help make decisions
Political Party Functions
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy.
Any political party other than one of the two major parties.
Electoral district in which only one candidate is elected to each office.
A voter who does not support any particular party.
A gathering of local and state party members chosen to nominate presidential and vice presidential candidates.
An agreement between countries covering particular matters, especially one less formal than a treaty.
An election in which only members of a political party can vote.
An election in which all voters may participate.
A statement of a political party's principles, belief's, and positions on vital issues.
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
The right to vote
A requirement that citizens pay a tax in order to register to vote.
Enroll with the appropriate local government
The location where voting is carried out, where you vote
Allows you to vote without going to the polls.
Interest group activities aimed at convincing lawmakers to support the group's positions
A group of people with common goals who organize to influence government
What the public thinks about a particular issue at any point in time
Groups of people who are similar in age and stage of life
The process by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs
The basic norms for political activity in a society
The group of people that a poll is attempting to learn about
A sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of being chosen
A measurement of how much the sample results may differ from the population/ universe
All forms of communication that reach a large portion of the public
A story written by a press agent and given to the media
A government official makes an announcement or explains a policy, decision, or action
The release of secret information by anonymous government officials to the media
A planned event created to promote a politician's position and improve his public perception
Recommended textbook explanations
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
United States Government: Our Democracy
Sets found in the same folder
American Government Semester Exam Study Guide Terms
Executive and Judicial Branches
Media and Public Opinion
People and Government
Sets with similar terms
American Government Exam #4 Chapters 12, 13 and Co…
Midterm CIA vocabulary
AP Exam Review
AP GOV FINAL TERMS FROM CRASH COURSE BOOK
Other sets by this creator
Psychology Exam Terms
Media and Public Opinion
Unit 4 Gov Vocab
Other Quizlet sets
Coding Chapter 4: Mental, Behavioral and Neurodeve…
Managerial Accounting- Chapter 6 Cost Volume Profi…
chem II Chapter 14
personal lines insurance