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American History-World War 1
Terms in this set (43)
the state of not taking sides.
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
Germany and Austria-Hungary.
Archduke Fanz Ferdinand
was shot by a Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip.
was a member of the Black Hand organization promoting Serbian nationalism., and he assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria.
Germany's plan to march though Belgium and conquer France in order to avoid fighting on two fronts
No Man's Land
a barren expanse of mud pockmarked with shell craters and filled with barbed wire.
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI
to prevent weapons and other military supplies from getting through.
German U-Boat sunk this boat.
proposed an alliance between Mexico and Germany.
famous fighter pilot of World War 1 was well known as a racecar driver before the war.
Selective Service Act
required men to register with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service.
heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groups.
American Expeditionary Force
led by General John J. Pershing; army of men from widely seperated parts of the country
General John J. Pershing
led the American Expeditionary Force.
was a conscientious objector., killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom
a person who opposes warfare on moral religious grounds.
or truce, that ended the war.
total casualties for the United States.
War Industries Board
encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency.
Bernard M. Baruch
led the WIB.
led by Herbert Hoover to help produce and conserve food.
community would plant gardens to grow food to send to the troops.
designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI.
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against US partcipation in WWI.
movement of thousands of Southern blacks to cities in the North.
they moved into mens jobs like railroad work, cooks, dockworkers, and bricklayers.
in the fall of 1918, the United States suffered a home-front economic crisis.
Wilson's Fourteen Points
The address was intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
1. No secret treaties.
2. Free seas.
3. Lower tariffs.
4. Weapons should be reduced.
5. policies should reflect the views of people.
14. League of Nations.
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by France, Great Britain, the United States, and other Allied Powers after World War I. It demanded that Germany dismantle its military and give up some lands to Poland. It was resented by many Germans.
in treaty of Versailles; declared Germany responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the united states out of the league of nations.
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
Schenck V. United States
Court case that limited freedom of speech 2) upheld the Espionage Act 3) under certain circumstances, the SC can limit free speech.
Two revolutions of 1917 took Russia out of WW1, and created the soviet union.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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