Types of Boundaries/ boundary origin/boundary process/border disputes
Terms in this set (30)
what are physical boundary
something on the earth used as a boundary like a mountain, river, or desert
examples of physical boundaries
the Rio Grande between the U.S. and Mexico/ the Himalayas between china and India/ Gobi between china and Mongolia
what are geometric boundaries
boundaries based on latitude and longitude
examples of geometric boundaries
the boundary between the U.S. and Canada
what are religious boundaries
boundaries that are made because two places have different religions
example of religious boundaries
between India and Pakhistan
what are language boundaries
a boundary between two places due to languages
examples of language boundaries
France and Germany
what is antecedent boundary
a prehistoric boundary like mountains and rivers
examples of antecedent boundaires
Himalayan Mountains Between China and India; Pyrenees Mountains between Spain and France
what is a relic boundary
a former boundary that is no longer used
examples of relic boundaries
Berlin Wall/ the Great Wall of China
a boundary that changes because of conflict
examples of subsequent boundaries
China and Vietnam/ Germany and Poland/ Northern Ireland and Ireland
what is a superimposed boundary
a forced boundary; made for the leader or imperial power not the people who live there
examples of superimposed boundaries
North and South Korea; Africa
what is delineated border?
when a border is put on the map
what is demarcation in the boundary proccess
putting actual markers on the ground to show boundaries
examples of demarcating the ground to show borders
the Berlin War the Great Wall of China
what is a definitional border dispute
when two countries fight over a treaty or legal document because they interpreted it differently
examples of definitional border disputes
Argentina and Chile over the Andes Mountains; India and Pakistan over Kashmir;
What is devolution?
the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by central government to local or regional administration.
What are examples in life of devolution?
US transferring the allocation of welfare to the state; the Basque region gaining autonomy over law making.
What is a unitary form of government?
It is a system where all key powers are given to the central government.
What are examples of a unitary form of government?
Iran, North Korea
What is a federal system of government?
Power that is shared by the national and state government
What is the mid-line principle?
When two countries share the economic zone in the water they split it difference on who has sovereignty
What is a supranational organization?
three or more states that form an association and administrative structure to achieve mutual goals (political, economical, cultural, militaristic, etc.)
What are some examples of a supranational organization?
United Nations, Economic Community of West African States, NAFTA, EU
What is a shatter belt?
a region fragmented by stronger, external cultural political forces
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