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Chapter 5 Multiple Choice 2
Terms in this set (36)
The four most frequently spoken branches of Indo-European include all but
Using the above map, observe that the Dutch language is from the branch of Indo-European known as
A) North Germanic.
B) West Germanic.
Scandinavian languages such as Norwegian and Swedish all derive from which Indo-European language branch?
Which language is NOT a romance language?
While Hindi is India's official language, this language is a secondary official language.
India's 22 so-called scheduled languages are representative of India's
A) monthly recognition of individual languages to ensure diversity.
B) encouragement of teaching and use of these languages.
C) social stratification system.
D) governance system.
E) widening gap between the rich and the poor.
The first speakers of the language that evolved into English were tribes that lived in present-day
C) United States.
Russian is part of what language branch?
English is part of which language branch?
English is part of which language family?
B) North Germanic
C) West Germanic
Which of the following is NOT a Romance language?
Unlike the Slavic languages which split into three branches, Romance languages form one branch because
A) there was limited migration in this part of Europe.
B) there was no literary tradition of the language.
C) Romance languages derive from a single root language, Latin.
D) Romance languages derive from a single root language, Arabic.
E) migration efforts were slowed by intervening obstacles.
Romance branch languages have achieved worldwide importance because
A) colonial and imperial activity distributed these languages to far reaching territories.
B) they are more frequently taught in middle schools today.
C) they closely approximate English in grammar and vocabulary.
D) they are the languages of governments.
E) they alternate being the global lingua franca.
The language spoken by soldiers stationed throughout the Roman Empire was known as
A) Official Latin.
B) Romance language.
C) Standard language.
D) Vulgar Latin.
E) Catalan Latin.
According to Colin Renfrew's research, Indo-European languages diffused across Europe
A) entirely by sea.
B) by way of the Kurgan homeland.
C) with the conquests of warriors on horseback.
D) with the diffusion of agriculture.
E) following the traders on the silk road.
Colin Renfrew's research constitutes much of the ________ Hypothesis.
A) Nomadic Herder
B) Kurgan Farmer
C) Nomadic Warrior
D) Sedentary Farmer
E) Silk Road Trader
The Kurgans, identified as the first Proto-Indo-European speakers by archaeologist Marija Gimbutas
A) conquered much of East Asia several thousand years ago.
B) were a Germanic tribe that invaded England.
C) were herders from the steppes of today's Russia and Kazakhstan.
D) preserved Basque in present-day Spain.
E) were the earliest speakers of Sino-Caucasian, which they diffused through conquest.
The Nomadic Warrior Theory and the Sedentary Farmer Theory have been developed to explain the common ancestry of
A) the non-Romance branches of Indo-European languages.
B) Romance Languages.
C) Sino-Tibetan languages.
D) Afro-Asiatic languages.
E) Austronesian languages.
Both the Angles and the Normans contributed to the development of the English language, because they
A) spoke ancient English languages.
B) invaded England.
C) spoke languages derived from Latin.
D) diffused English around the world.
E) agreed to divide Ireland from England.
In fourteenth century England, the Statute of Pleading of 1362 represents a move to change the official language from ________ to English.
While other influences continue today, English has its primary roots in
A) Germanic and Danish influences.
B) French and Spanish influences.
C) Germanic and Spanish.
D) Danish and French influences.
E) Scandinavian and Greek.
A) the lingua franca of France.
B) a dialect of French.
C) the standard language of French.
D) the use of English in the French language.
E) a language used by French colonial administrations.
Franglais, Denglish, and Spanglish represent
A) the corruption of grammar in European languages.
B) lingua francas intended to compete with official languages.
C) Vulgar Latin.
D) scheduled languages.
E) the infusion of English into French, German and Spanish and subsequent development of new words.
A lingua franca is
A) an English word that has entered the French language.
B) a language understood by people who have different native languages.
C) an extinct language that has been revived.
D) an official language in a region of the world different from where the language originated.
E) a language used by French colonial administrations.
The dominance of English as an international language has facilitated
A) the decline of other national languages.
B) the increase in American students learning another language.
C) diffusion of popular culture, science, and international trade.
D) the rise in the use of Chinese logograms.
E) the stagnation of the English language in terms of new words added.
A pidgin language
A) has no native speakers.
B) is spread by folk culture.
C) stems from invasion.
D) cannot exist for more than a generation.
E) cannot exist without globalization.
Which statement best describes the use of English on the Internet?
A) English has become less dominant but is still the leading Internet language.
B) Different Internets exist for most other widely spoken languages, like Chinese, Japanese, and Russian.
C) The number of English-speaking Internet users remains above 50 percent.
D) English has become more dominant as the most common language on the Internet.
E) No one seems to be able to spell English correctly anymore.
All of the following describe the English language EXCEPT
A) it is a lingua franca.
B) its recent growth is due to expansion diffusion.
C) it is an Indo-European language.
D) it has diffused along with economic globalization.
E) it uses logograms.
The English language is a "second" or "third" language in many regions where it is used as a(n)
A) colonial dialect.
B) expansion diffusion.
C) Indo-European import.
D) global lingua.
E) lingua franca.
English is the most important language in North America primarily because of
A) the diffusion of English colonies.
B) the Norman conquest.
C) the global dominance of the United States.
D) official government policy.
E) prohibitions against foreign languages.
The most widely spoken Indo-European language is
English has achieved unprecedented acceptance globally due to
A) the refusal to use English in colonial and imperial expansion.
B) the diffusion of command economies across much of the world.
C) its role as the common language of a global economy and culture.
D) the rise of folk culture and the decline of popular culture.
E) the diffusion of religion to industrialized nations.
Chinese is traditionally written in the form of
A) a literary tradition.
B) a Latin alphabet.
The Chinese language has a distinct advantage in social media because
A) its characters add to the emoticons in use today.
B) Chinese is today's lingua franca.
C) Chinese logograms represent an information rich yet space saving form of communication on Twitter.
D) its logograms are easily translated to English using half the space.
E) China embraces the use of social media
Which of the following is NOT true?
A) Some countries have more than one official language.
B) English is the official language of the United States.
C) English is the official language of more than 50 countries across the globe.
D) English is not the official language of the United Kingdom or Australia.
E) The continent of Europe has more official languages than any other continent in the world.
A) are used by the government to conduct public and legislative business.
B) ensure that everyone in the country speaks that language.
C) require that all books and publications be produced in that language only.
D) require all media to broadcast in that language.
E) are spoken only in international and diplomatic negotiations.
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