20 terms

North Africa, Southwest Asia and Central Asia 17

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alluvial soil
rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by moving water that allowed first civilization of this region to support large populations in addition to the proximity to fresh water
wadis
streambeds that remain dry until a heavy rain that are created by runoff from infrequent rainstorms in deserts; fill with so much sediment in flash flood can become mud flows or moving masses of wet soil; arid North Africa and Southwest Asia
phosphate
chemical used in fertilizers, Morocco ranks third in production of
Arabian Peninsula
peninsula of Southwest Asia separated from Africa by the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
Sinai Peninsula
Gulf of Suez and gulf of Aqaba flank this small piece
the Dead Sea
smallest of three landlocked bodies of salt water lie east of Mediterranean Sea, sits at the mouth of the Jordan River, forming part of Israeli-Jordanian border, source of chemical products such as potash
the Aral Sea
east of Caspian Sea in heart of Central Asia, was world's fourth-largest inland sea until 60s and supported healthy fishing community; now fraction size and looks more like desert, began to dry up when SU diverted huge amount of water for irrigation from the major rivers flowing into this, today coming back, by building small dams in parts of the former sea, local people plan to create smaller freshwater basins with water from the rivers
"cradles of civilization"
Nile Delta and the fertile land along its bank gave birth to one of world's earliest civilizations, also thrived in Tigris-Euphrates river valley: fertile farming valley in Central Asia known by ancients as Mesotopia
Mediterranean climate
?
kums
dune-covered deserts south of Turan Lowland cultivated fields, Garagum black sand most Turkmen, Quizilqum red half Uzbe
Eurasian Plate, African Plate and Arabian Plates
three plates that come together in the lands of the regions that as they move build mountains, shift landmasses and cause earthquakes+
oasis
place in the desert when underground water surfaces, small-scale farming possible by these
pastoralism
raising and grazing of livestock that is a way of life for the steppe's people such as bedouins
desert climate
hot and dry, less than 10 inches, see book/sheet for details
ergs
sandy, dune-covered areas
regs
stony plains covered with rocky gravel
"desert pavement"
rocky gravel found in regs
steppe climate
second-largest climate region in the lands; semi-arid averages less 14 inches precipitation; enough to support short grasses, pasture for sheep, goats and camels as well as shrubs and some trees
cereals
food grains such as barley, oats and wheat that can be grown in areas where more than 14 inches of rain falls yearly without irrigation
Mesopotomia
Greek for "land between two rivers" fertile farming valley in Central Asia that owes its fertile character to Tigris and Euphrates Rivers