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24 terms

Africa Vocab Terms

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Deforestation
To clear large amounts of forests
Desertification
Farmland becoming deserts; man causes desertification by overgrazing.
Drought
Natural cause for famines; many years without rainfall.
Water pollution
Factories, animals, and human are polluting water sources; people upstream pollute water for people downstream.
Escarpment
A steep slope or long cliff that separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations.
Plateau
An elevated, comparatively level expanse of land
Savanna
The term for the flat, grassy, mostly treeless plain in a tropical grassland region.
GDP
The total market value of all the goods and services produced within the borders of a nation during a specified period. (Gross Domestic Product)
Literacy rate
The percentage of people over the age of 15 with the ability to read and write
Urbanization
The state of being or becoming a community with urban characteristics.
Ethnic group
People of the same race or nationality who share a distinctive culture
Oral history
Evidence taken from the spoken words of people who have knowledge of past events and traditions.
Extended family
A group of relatives, such as those of three generations, who live in close geographic proximity rather than under the same roof.
Clan
A large group of relatives, friends, or associates.
Middle passage
A large mass of water in the Atlantic, which was not affected by the slave trade.
Apartheid
A policy of racial segregation, practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites.
Universal suffrage
The extension of voting privileges to all adults, without distinction as to race, sex, belief or social status.
Cash crop
A crop grown only for sale
Commercial farming
Farmers grow their crops to sell.
Subsistence farming
When farmers farm to survive and feed their family
Shifting farming
An agricultural practice using the rotation of fields rather than of crops.
Sedentary farming
When a farmer lives on the same farmland all his life
Aquifers
A rock layer that stores & allows water to pass through it
Oasis
Water from an aquifer has reached the surface, supports vegetation and wildlife