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Arts and Humanities
Global History II Midterm review
Terms in this set (26)
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
A system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary position and the king or queen has almost complete power
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
Peter the Great
(1672-1725) Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture
The process of reforming political, military, economic, social, and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western societies, often with regard for accommodating local traditions in non-Western societies.
Built by Peter the Great of Russia to attract europeans and to get warm water ports.
English response to Absolutism
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lackland" of Englad was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom
English Bill of Rights
1689 laws protecting the rights of English subjects and Parliament
A government ruled by a king or queen
He became the king of England in 1504, and was considered a "Defender of the faith". He could not produces a male heir thus marrying 6 times. 2. Powerful king of England who wanted a devorce, and when he couldn't get one from the Pope, delcared himself head of the "Church of England." He had 6 wives, 2 of whom he beheaded. 3. 6 wives / Aargon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr
(1533-1603) Queen of England and Ireland between 1558 and 1603. She was an absolute monarch and is considered to be one of the most successful rulers of all time.
(1603-1625) Stuart monarch who ignored constitutional principles and asserted the divine right of kings.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649
A reference to the English civil war (1642-1646), waged to determine whether sovereignty would reside in the monarch or in Parliament.
(roundheads v. cavaliers)
English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War (1599-1658)
the re-establishment of the British monarchy in 1660
King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration (1630-1685)
(r. 1685-1688) a Catholic king who greatly angered Parliament nobles and whose actions led to the
William of Orange becomes king without a battle fought
William and Mary
King and Queen of England in 1688. With them, King James' Catholic reign ended. As they were Protestant, the Puritans were pleased because only protestants could be office-holders.
A major change in European thought, starting in the mid-1500s, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and the questioning of accepted beliefs.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit #1 Reconstruction
unit #2- Civil Rights
Unit #3 - Westward Expansion
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