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35 terms

Digestive System

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Pyloric Sphincter
Name the valve that prevents regurgitation of food from the small intestine back into the stomach
Summarize the Functions of the Stomach
Regulate bile movement, eliminate enzymes, regulate pH
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
Food is in the small intestine, and its passing along millions of small hairlike projections called villi. It is on it's journey through 3 sections of the small intestine. What is the correct order?
Enuresis
Once your food has reached the end of the digestive tract, it is sitting in the rectum, waiting to be excreted. What is another term for this excretion process?
Mastication
What is another name for chewing?
Pepsin and protease
The enzymes of the stomach that assist with the digestion of proteins are:
0
The large intestine supports ____% of chemical digestion
11
Food stays in the small intestine for a total of ____ hours
Amino Acids
Proteins are broken down into substances called
Mucus
The stomach is protected from digesting itself by
Subclavian
Which is not a salivary gland (sublingual, parotid, subclavian, submandiular)
Produces Enzymes
The pancreas is necessary for digestion because it
Duodenal
An ulcer in the small intestine is referred to as a _____ ulcer
Peptopancreatic Canal
Which is not a name for the tube that runs from the mouth to the anus?
Cirrhosis
A condition in which the liver hardens and cannot function is called
Rugae
The projections of the stomach that aid in mechanical digestion are
Villi
Small microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine are called
20 Feet
Measuring from the pyloric sphincter to the first part of the large intestine, the small intestine is how long?
Ascites
What GI condition consists of an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen?
Pyloric Sphincter
What is the ring of muscle at the distal end of the stomach called?
Appendicitis
An inflammation of the appendix, caused by an obstruction or a foreign body in the lumen
Ascites
An abnormal accumulation of fluid with in the peritoneal cavity, caused by leakage in veins into extravascular spaces
Cirrhosis
Chronic degenerative disease of the liver in which the lobes are covered with fibrous tissue. Caused by blood flow to the liver to be obstructed
Cholelithiasis
Prescence of gallstones in the gall bladder caused by gall stones
Diverticulitis
Inflammation of the diverticula, caused by certain spicy foods and certain medications
Diverticulosis
Weakening of the colon
Gastritis
Lining of the stomach becomes inflammed
Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver caused by virus or a poison
Heartburn
Occurs when gastric juices back up through the cardiac sphincter, caused by food poisoning, infection and toxins
Hermorrhoids
Painful dialated veins in the rectum or anus, caused by bacteria or infection
Peritonitis
Condition in which the lining of the abdominal cavity becomes inflammed, caused by infection
Dyspepsia
Feeling of epigastric discomfort after eating, caused by gall bladder disease, or chronic appendicitis
Peptic Ulcer Disease
sharply circumscribed loss of mucus membrane of the stomach, caused by GI system being exposed to gastric juices containing acid
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abnormal dilation of the abdominal aorta, usually in area of severe atherosclerosis caused by atherosclerosis
Abdominal Hernia
Hernia in which a loop of a bowel protrudes through a defect in a weakened portioned of the abdominal musculature, caused by an old surgical scar thats stretched and thinned