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Sped 245 test #1 flashcards
Terms in this set (26)
Identify 2 types of assessment?
- direct assessment- a person records the target behavior as it occurs. The observer must be close to the person preforming the behavior. (This is second hand)
- Indirect assessment- is when the observer uses questions, interviews, and rating scales to get enough information on the individual's target behavior. Indirect assessment does not happen when target behavior relies on an individual to recall target behavior.
The methods of recording behavior?
- self monitoring- is when the client records his or her own target behavior
- structured- means that the observer arranges special activities for the student to do during the observation period
-behavior is what people do and say
- behaviors have one or more dimensions that can be measured
- behaviors can be observed, described, and recorded by teachers, parents, or adults
- behaviors have to be observable
- an impact on the environment
- behavior is lawful
- observed and recorded
- private events ( not observant behavior)
something that occurs prior to behaviors and provide us with the opportunity to modify a behavior before it occurs
events or changes in the environment following a behavior
the process in which the occurrence of a behavior is followed by a consequence that results in an increase in the future probability of the behavior
the process in which a behavior is followed by a consequence that results in a decrease in the future probability of the behavior
Know that behaviorists are not concerned with past?
they are not concerned with (biophysical)
1. genetic or hereditary factors
2. biochemical influences
3. damage to the brain
Target behavior ( be able to define)
in behavior modification, the behavior to be modified
Know a couple of reasons we collect data
1. Make it possible to determine the effects of a instructional strategy or intervention
2. Allow for formative( ongoing) and summative( terminal) evaluation of instruction
3. Ultimate tool of accountability
4. Helps to identify learning problems
5. Facilitate communication
Applied behavior analysis
this term is interchangeable with the word behavior modification it involves analyzing and modifying human behavior
Reasons for writing behavior objectives?
- to clarify the goals of a person's behavior change program
- to facilitate communication among those involved in the program
- to provide a precise evaluation of instruction/ intervention
Be able to write a behavioral objective
- Josh threw his desk?
Know the components of a behavioral objective?
1. should be
2. not just a restatement of goals- break them into teachable components
3. anyone reading it should be able to understand exactly what is to be done
Know one reason why we should not use labels
- because we cannot assume the just because some one throws a desk that they are angry.
-does not give us specifics that we need about behaviors that we need*
Know what objectives must be
- Audience- learner ( Kim, Bob)
- Degree- measurement
What does IDEA say about objective behaviors
1.Under IDEA 97, IEPs were required to include " a statement of measurable annual goals, including benchmarks or short-term objectives."
2. IDEA 2004 eliminated the requirements for " benchmarks and short-term objectives" in IEPs- except in the IEPs of children who take alternate assessments
Factors affecting accuracy of data collection
- if you data isn't accurate then other professionals will have a hard time comparing
Calculate different types of IOA and what is an acceptable level
- to evaluate IOA two people must observe and record the same target behavior of the same subject during the same observation period
- number of times occurred as a percent or rate
- yields a rate per-minute or rate per hour
- most often used to compare the occurrence of behavior among observation periods
- divide number of times a behavior occurs by the length of the observation period
Figure rate and be able to convert other types of data
- John is noncompliant 10 times durring a 5 hour period times divided by 10 times
- time/ times
- 5 min= 10%
- 8 min- 16%
-7 min- 14%
Be able to tell what data recording methods you would use for certain situations and why
- Duration- measurement of how long a person engages in something
- Frequency- number of times a student engages in a behavior for a certain observation period.
-Interval recording- define a specific time period during which behavior will be observed
- Time sampling- select time period in which to observe and divide into equal intervals.
How data can be reported for the different methods of collecting and why you might need to report a certain way
Why we check for reliability?
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