AP Human Geography: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (39)
a model used in population geography that describes the ages and number of males and females within a given population; also called a population pyramid
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
November, 1943 - A meeting of Allied leaders Roosevelt, Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek in Egypt to define the Allies goals with respect to the war against Japan, they announced their intention to seek Japan's unconditional surrender and to strip Japan of all territory it had gained since WW I.
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
A periodic and official count of a country's population.(every decade)
child mortality rate
A figure that describes the number of children that die between the first and fifth years of their lives in a given population
optimists who question limits-to-growth perspectives and contend that markets effectively maintain a balance between population, resources, and the environment
crude birth rate (CBR)
The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
crude death rate (CDR)
The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
An equation that summarizes the amount of growth or decline in a population within a country during a particular time period taking into account both natural increase and net migration
Demographic Transition Model
Change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
Scientific study of human populations.
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compares to the number of people active in the labor force.
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
infant mortality rate (IMR)
A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.
This is when the projection population shows exponential growth; sometimes shape as a j-curve. This is important because if the population grows exponential our resource use will go up exponential and so will our use as well as a greater demand for food and services.
Lee's Migration Model
Push/Pull model: Migrants should expect to receive some added advantage in moving from one place to another
life expectancy (longevity rate)
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
Was one of the first to argue that the worlds rate of population increase was far outrunning the development of food population. This is important because he brought up the point that we may be outrunning our supplies because of our exponentially growing population.
Migration Transition Model
international movement, movement from rural to cities, technological change, international movement, movement from rural to cities, technological change
A measure of the frequency of occurrence of death in a defined population during a specified interval of time
natalism (pro- and anti-)
Pro-, encourages child-bearing. Anti/Con-, wants limited # of children per couple
natural increase rate (NIR, RNI)
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
a belief that the world is characterized by scarcity and competition in which too many people fight for few resources. Pessimists who warn of the global eco-political dangers of uncontrolled population growth, the advocacy of population control programs to preserve and improve general national prosperity and well-being
the portion of the earth's surface that is uninhabited or only temporarily or intermittently inhabited
A value judgment based on the notion that the resources of a particular area are not great enough to support that area's current population.
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
A cluster of people living in the same area.
A bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Ravenstein's "Laws" of Migration
A set of findings by E.G. Ravenstein with regard to aspects of migration
The total fertility rate at which women would have only enough children to replace themselves and their partner.
a curve that depicts logistic growth; shape of an "S"
The number of males per 100 females in the population.
total fertility rate (TFR)
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
zero population growth
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
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