APUSH Chapter 24-26
Terms in this set (53)
After a long reign of high morality, outrageous idealism, and "bothersome do-goodism", people longed for the "normalcy" of the old America, and were ready to accept a lower quality president who would not force them to be so involved. Harding coined the phrase a "return to normalcy".
founded on September 27, 1908, in Flint, Michigan, as a holding company for Buick, then controlled by William C. Durant. often known as simply GM, is a United States based automaker with headquarters in Detroit, Michigan. GM was the world's 18th largest corporate entity and third largest automaker.
Offers technical and general assistance to entrepreneurs in a specific profession or industry.
when companies provide incentives to build better relationships with employees; health insurance, safety standards, buy stock in the company
United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873-1952)
A. Phillip Randolph
He was the black leader of The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He demanded equal opportunities in war jobs and armed forces during WWII. He helped encourage the end of segregation in the military, although that happened after the war.
where many Mexican and Mexican Americans of the California region ended up living as the lower end of the state's working class, mostly in Los Angeles.
The American Plan
A reaction to the "closed-shop" industries where only union members could be employed. In an open shop, union membership is not required and was sometimes forbidden. Business leaders launched this open-shop campaign and called it the American Plan. Unions unsuccessfully fought the american Plan.
equality or equivalence; balance among a group of rivals
A plan to rehabilitate American agriculture by raising the domestic prices of farm products *Effects of the protective tariff and burdens of debt and taxation had created a serious agricultural depression and grew steadily worse
The Man Nobody Knows
Bruce Barton; , 1925 book by advertiser Bruce Barton- set fourth provocative thesis that Jesus was the greatest adman of all time
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
Ernest Hemingway fought in Italy in 1917. He later became a famous author who wrote "The Sun Also Rises" (about American expatriates in Europe) and "A Farewell to Arms." In the 1920's he became upset with the idealism of America versus the realism he saw in World War I. He was very distraught, and in 1961 he shot himself in the head.
H. L. Menken
the author of the monthly magazine American Mercury. He attacked many controversial issues such as marriage, patriotism, democracy, prohibition
American novelist who satirized middle-class America in his 22 works, including Babbitt (1922) and Elmer Gantry (1927). He was the first American to receive (1930) a Nobel Prize for literature.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
a novelist and chronicler of the jazz age. his wife, zelda and he were the "couple" of the decade but hit bottom during the depression. his noval THE GREAT GATSBY is considered a masterpiece about a gangster's pursuit of an unattainable rich girl.
He was a philosopher who believed in "learning by doing" which formed the foundation of progressive education. He believed that the teachers' goal should be "education for life and that the workbench is just as important as the blackboard."
a flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
I'll Take My Stand
collection of essays published in 1930 that glorified the Southern agrarian lifestyle. Denounced as reactionary, but was above all a critique of industrialization.
The Noble Experiment
nickname for prohibition, good effects included bank savings increases and fewer employee absenteeism
a mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
Wets and Dries
names given to supports or opponents of the prohibition
National Origin Act
1924, -Gave immigration a specific quota that could be met every year, and could not be excided.
-Segregated Southern and Eastern Europeans, and anyone of Asian decent.
pencil factory manager; tried and convicted in the 14 year old worker's murder
The Jazz Singer
1927 - The first movie with sound; this "talkie" was about the life of famous jazz singer; Al Jolson.
United States lawyer and politician who formulated a production code that prescribed the moral content of United states films from 1930 to 1966 (1879-1954)
focus on the environmental rewards and punishers that maintain or discourage specific behaviors; Believe personality develops as a function of learning history
A companionate marriage is based on the spouses having mutual interests in their careers and children
she organized a birth-control movement which openly championed the use of contraceptives in the 1920's.
a woman who rebelled against expectations. She drank, smoked, and maybe talked about "dating" openly. Danced and cut her hair too. Skirts were changed. Beginnings of the modern woman.
National Woman's Party
A group of militant suffragists who took to the streets with mass pickets, parades, and hunger strikes to convince the govt to give them the right to vote. Led by Alice Paul.
head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution. She opposed legislation protecting women workers because such laws implied women's inferiority. Most condemned her way of thinking.
League of Woman Voters
Organized by Carrie Chapman Catt. A civic organization dedicated to keeping voters informed about canidates and issues.
U.S. Act of Congress providing federal funding for maternity and child care, a response to the lack of adequate medical care for women and children
19th C ideal that celebrated men who rose to wealth or social prominence from humble origins through self-discipline, hard work, and temperate habits.
American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, and motion pictures.
an American aviator, engineer , and Pulitzer Prize winner. He was famous for flying solo across the Atlantic, paving the way for future aviational development.
Group of writers in 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values and often choose to flee to Europe
The New Klan
the social tensions of the 1920s were also expressed in the growth of the ku klux klan. the whites only klan scorned not just blacks but also immigrants, catholics, and jews. the organizations' power spread from the south to the midwest and the west. in oregon and indiana, klan-backed candidates were elected as governers.
D. W. Griffith
carried the motion picture into the new era with his silent epics (The Birth of a Nation, Intolerance, etc.) which introduced serious plots and elaborate productions to filmmaking. Motion pictures were the first truly mass entertainment medium.
Birth of a Nation
1915, Controversial but highly influential and innovative silent film directed by D.W. Griffith. It demonstrated the power of film propaganda and revived the KKK.
American fundamentalist minister; he used colorful language and powerful sermons to drive home the message of salvation through Jesus and to oppose radical and progressive groups.
American Civil Liberties Union
defended teachers willing to vs evolution, protected aliens w/ deportation & U.S. national threatened w criminal charges by Palmer, defended rights of labor unions, focuses on law and communication efforts
1925 court case in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools
A Catholic who ran for Pres of U.S. in 1928 and warned Americans that if a Catholic were elected to the Presidency democracy would disappear and Pope would run the country. (he lost)
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Warren G. Harding
Pres.1921 laissez-faire, little regard for gov't or presidency. "return to normalcy" after Wilson + his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition, had an affair, surrounded himself w/ cronies (used office for private gain). Ex) Sec. of Interior leased gov't land w/ oil for $500,000 and took money himself. Died after 3 years in office, VP: Coolidge took over
Became president when Harding died. Tried to clean up scandals. Business prospered and people's wealth increased
The Ohio Gang
Group of corrupt friends that Harding brought to White House. More interested in exploiting their jobs for their own financial benefit.
Teapot Dome Scandal
symbol of government corruption; government oil reserves were secretly leased to oil companies in exchange for financial compensation
the Secretary of the Treasury during the Harding Administration. He felt it was best to invest in tax-exempt securities rather than in factories that provided prosperous payrolls. He believed in trickle down economics. (Hamiltonian economics)
Lochner v. New York
1905, Supreme Court case which struck a blow to Progressives by invalidating the law establishing a 10 hour day for bakers