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psychology seminar 4 - violence in medical practice
Terms in this set (42)
Human aggression is any behavior directed toward another individual that is carried out with the proximate (immediate) intent to cause harm
-harm-doer believes that the target is not motivated to avoid the action (pain during dental procedure)
aggression that has extreme harm as its goal --> for example death
true or false:
all violence is aggression but many instances of aggression are not violent
refers to an adult directing physical and psychological aggression against another family member, usually intimate partner
-dominate, humiliate, control
what are the different types of abuse?
aggression stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain or injury
premeditated means of obtaining some goal other than harming the victim, and being proactive rather than reactive
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions
repression, secondary gain resistance defense mechanism, these are concepts describing symptoms formation in terms of:
c) cognitive psychology
hostile impulses increase over time and must be released periodically (in small acts) to prevent dangerous acts of violence
Excitation transfer theory
Dolf Zillmann (1974)
- Various experiences (different sources of excitation) may cause heightened arousal:
e.g., argument with friend, competitive games exercises.
-We may then be more likely to perceive one source as responsible for all of the excitation and react with aggression
Unpleasent patient (normally only make you mildly annoyed) would instead cause you to be extremely angry
Social learning theory
-Aggression is learned either becauseit is rewarded, or at least not sanctioned, and thereby reinforced.
Albert Bandura (1973)
-Aggression is learned either through direct experience or by observing others
according to albert bandura model after watching aggresive models, children are most likely to imitate aggression, true or false?
-the theory that frustration triggers a readiness to aggress
-frustration: interference with any form of goal directed behavior
cycle of violence include 3 phases:
1) tension building
2) acute battering
3) honeymoon stage
which one is not included in the circle of violence?
a) negotiation of differences
b) acute battering
c) honeymoon stage
d) tension building
types of violence:
-loss of control of aggressiveness
-conservative bringing up processes
WHAT TO DO WHEN ANGRY? (open)
persons that have experienced a traumatic event may be more able to developing post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), whats the most common cause?
one of the statements mentioned below does not express contemporary knowledge in Acute Stress Disorder. which one os this?
a) tends to resolve spontaneously
b) turns to PTSD if spontaneous or therapeutic resolution does not occur
c) this is just a way how ones mind tries to cope with unexpected event
d) rare recover without medical or psychotherapeutic intervention
events most associated with PTSD:
-childhood physical abuse
-being treated with a weapon
-childhood physical abuse
what could be a traumatic life event?
unexpected events meaning situations which could not be integrated in mind --> very individual, someone that is for example a survivor of violent assaults can react differently than a "normal" person on the same event due to PTSD.
people at greater risk for developing PTSD:
(not people who learn of sudden, unexpected bad luck in business matters of close friend or relative ---> MCQ)
acute stress disorder vs PTSD
-Acute stress disorder refers to the initial traumatic symptoms that arise immediately after a traumatic event.
-PTSD refers to the long-term aftermath of trauma.
-PTSD can follow after ASD, but it can also occur even when ASD does not develop.
acute stress disorder
-occurs 2 days to 4 weeks after a traumatic event
-indicator of PTSD
-symptoms usually occur immediately after trauma
acute stress disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by the persistent re-experience of traumatic events through:
a) increased physiological arousal
b) distressing recollections (dreams, hallucinations)
c) avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma
d) all of the above
one of the symptoms given below does not belong to ASD characteristic, which one?
a) increased physiological arousal
b) frozen dreams
c) dissociative flashbacks
d) avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma
e) social withdrawal
10 steps to managing acute traumatic stress:
1) assess for danger/safety for self and others
2) consider the mechanism of injury
3) evaluate the level of responsiveness
4) address medical needs
5) observe and identify
6) connect with the individual
7) ground the individual
8) provide support
9) normalize the response
10) prepare for the future
Development of symptoms after traumatic event:
ASD tends to resolve up to 6 months --> but after 6 months it can develop to PTSD --> after 2 years it can lead to other disorders and rarely recover without intervention
General facits about PTSD:
-everyone can get it, even children
-may run in the family
-twice as common in woman than male
mark incorrect answer:
a) recent evidence suggest genetic susceptibility to PTSD
b) PTSD can occur in any age
c) PTSD is twice as common in men
d) about 30% of men an woman who have spend time in war zones experience PTSD
e) events most associated with PTSD for men are rape, combat exposure, childhood neglect and childhood abuse
problems faced by persons with PTSD:
-physical ailments (immune system problems, headaches for examples)
whats the most common substance used by PTSD?
associated problems with PTSD:
one of the disorders listed below does not belong to this group, which?
b) mood disorders
c) disruptive behavior disorders
d) chronic physical illness
One of the factors mentioned below does not belong to the group of problems faced by patients with PTSD. Which one is this?
b) Guilty feelings
d) A lower incidence of mental illness (Mature defenses)
One of the statements mentioned below does not express contemporary knowledge in Acute Stress disorder. Which one is this?
a) Tends to resolve
b) Turns to PTSD if spontaneous or therapeutic resolution does not occur
c) This is just a way how one's mind tries to cope with unexpected event
d) rarely recover without medical or psychotherapeutic intervention
The most traumatic event leading to developing PTSD is:
b) Death of a spouse
c) Combat exposure
d) Serious accident
One of the symptoms given below does not belong to ASD characteristic. Which one is it?
a) Increased physiological arousal
b) Frozen dreams (exact scenes from traumatic event)
c) Dissociative flashbacks
d) Avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma
e) Social withdrawal
Mark the incorrect answer:
a) Recent evidence suggest genetic susceptibility in PTSD
b) PTSD can occur at any age
c) PTSD is twice common in men d) About 30 % of the men and women who have spend time in war zones experience PTSD
e) Events most associated with PTSD for men are: Rape, combat exposure, childhood neglect and childhood abuse
Which one is not included in the Circle of violence?
a. negotiation of differences
b. acute battering
c. honey moon stage
d. tension building
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