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ED-World History Module 5 Lesson 5: Alexander the Great
Terms in this set (16)
king of Macedonia who conquered Greece in the 300s BC and who was father to Alexander the Great.
an ancient kingdom north of Greece, whose ruler Philip II conquered Greece in 338 BC.
Battle of Chaeronea
battle where Macedonians defeated Greeks.
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia and conqueror of much of Asia; he is considered one of the greatest generals of all time.
Persian King (ruled 336-330 BC) who was defeated by Alexander the Great.
took most of old Persian Empire and renamed it Seleucid Empire.
became king of Macedonia and took over most of Greek city-states.
Why did Alexander the Great continue his conquests after Darius III was dead?
He captured him and wanted to explore more.
What happened to Alexander's empire after his death?
A series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi.
How was Philip II able to conquer Greece?
He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.
Do you think Alexander deserves the title 'great'? Why or why not?
Alexander the Great had many accomplishments that made his title of "The Great" a deserving one. His empire covered about 3,000 miles and he was able to establish this empire over a thirteen year period of time. Considering that there were no modern forms of technology or transportation and that he took power at the young age of 20, his accomplishments were very significant. Alexander the Great was able to conquer many different places. He defeated the Persians after a bitter struggle. He also conquered Egypt and developed a city that he named after himself. This was the city of Alexandria. He expanded his empire to India before eventually deciding to stop expanding. He did this mainly because his troops were exhausted and refused to do more fighting. He was also able to spread Greek ideas and Greek culture to the places he conquered. Alexander the Great's actions definitely allow one to conclude that the title, "The Great" was an appropriate title.
If Alexander had lived longer, do you think he would have been as successful in ruling his empire as in building it? Explain.
If he had lived long enough, he might even have returned to India and conquered it as well.
Why do you think Alexander adopted Persian customs and included Persians in his army?
To make the Persians feel less threatened and thereby make them easier to rule. To make them feel as part of the empire.
Why do you think the Egyptians viewed Alexander as a liberator?
He ended the Persian rule.
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